Table of contents:
- History of the Philosophy of Relativity
- This is how the illusion is created
- Absolute and relative
- Einstein's Theory
- The meaning of the thesis in everyday life
- About religion and philosophy
What is this world - absolute or relative? And what does he really mean? After all, it is quite possible that everything around us is just an illusion created by our consciousness. The meaning of the word "relatively" carries a huge number of definitions not only in philosophy, but also in religion, physics, and even astronomy and geometry. Can there be only true values, or does their number always tend to infinity? To understand where this theory came from, we will have to delve into history for many thousands of years.
History of the Philosophy of Relativity
What does "relatively" mean? The interpretation of this word can be different and much deeper than it seems at first glance. This question has been de alt with by many great thinkers since ancient times.
Relativity is a philosophical pragmatics that was studied in prehistoric civilizations. Enlightened people of ancient Greece believed that everything in this world is abstract. Thus, Socrates said: “All I know is that I know nothing, but many do not even know that!”
Beginning and end of being, its true meaning - all this carries a hidden secret, covered in darkness. After all, any of our statements is true only in the system in which we are. In another, it will be distorted or diametrically opposed. So, your left hand is on one side, and the person standing opposite is on the other. If you are asked where the left side is, you will point in opposite directions and both will be right. This is the theory of relativity.
This is how the illusion is created
Sometimes in abstract paintings we can see the image of the meaning of the relativity of the universe, which is visualized by the illusion.
Dutch artist Maurice Escher created a lithorography which shows that the world is relatively located, depending on the location of objects in it.
This creates an optical illusion that deceives us by showing the desired object from a certain angle. This is facilitated by shadows superimposed in a special way, and lines passing at a certain angle. So, we see that the same face can have different interpretations of the position, depending on the point of view of the viewer, which means - relative to him.
Absolute and relative
The illusion of absoluteness is one of the main delusions of our life. Absolute is the antithetical meaning of the word "relatively". It implies an unconditionally correct statement of some concept or phenomenon, while the world has an unstable structure, that is, it cannot be absolute. Thisthe thesis is true only if we are talking about some kind of closed frame of reference.
The theory of relativity carries many useful, hidden meanings. These mysteries of the Universe tried to unravel many minds of the world. Einstein was even able to reduce this law of the universe into a mathematical formula. Some still reject it. There is a heated debate among scientists about whether this theory is actually true. Is it worth believing that the same system can be different, even if it moves in the same direction. Einstein argued that speed and direction depend entirely on the frame of reference. What does it mean that the points of definition also behave relatively to each other. This is how the thesis about the non-existence of a certain time appears. This became fundamental in the theory of the existence of the universe. Time is not a constant value, but tending to infinity, like any other. This discovery turned the whole theory of science upside down. It was known before, but it was Albert Einstein who was able to confirm this and derive the world-famous formula.
"Everything in the world is relative." Albert Einstein.
The meaning of the thesis in everyday life
Everyday life is also relative. Definition what does it mean? It is easy to compose if you look at human behavior. It largely depends on where he lives and what culture he belongs to, on the traditions of the family. Much can be said about the relativity of our existence. In any system there are rules that dictate to usimmediate environment, country, traditions and customs, culture. We consider them correct, but for other nations this will become savagery. It is worth remembering that it is on this rule that the principle of tolerance rests.
About religion and philosophy
Such dogmas as relativity, the philosophy of good and evil, the measure of good deeds and bad deeds, for which we will go to heaven or hell, has a place in any religion. However, each religion sets its own rules and regulations. In Christianity, the main collection of laws is the Bible.
While in Islam - the Koran. Such sacred books proclaim absolute, immutable truths. However, one of the religions completely denies absolutism, adhering basically to the dogma of relativity. In Buddhism there is no set of rules, the religion itself is not built on divine confession. Believers follow the teachings of the Buddha, who was a living person and formulated the principles of spiritual harmony. Merging with the world, meditation, searching for one's own path - all this should predetermine the path of a person who professes this religion. It is Buddhism that defines the individual as an autonomous unit, independent of others. It is the achievement of complete independence and immersion in nirvana and harmony that is the goal set by the Buddha.
Each person is born as a person, absolutely free and independent. Whereas over time, he himself immerses himself in the framework necessary for existence in this society. What does "relatively" mean to Buddhists? The theory of relativity says that absolutely correct behavior simply does not exist,for every action will be right for one person and relatively wrong for another. That is why in Buddhism there is no concept of guilt and responsibility. These concepts are not true and were imposed by society. In this religion, patience is preached, and averages are taken to understand the right or wrong actions. To strive for harmony between extremes is the main dogma. The rituals and ascetic way of life of the monks allow them to get as close as possible to the desired state of immersion in the right niche of consciousness.