What types of ticks are there?

What types of ticks are there?
What types of ticks are there?
Anonim

Variety of ticks that exist in nature are numerous. Scientists number more than 20 thousand of them. And only a small part can be attributed to potentially dangerous for human and animal life. About a quarter of them are disease carriers.

Ticks are found everywhere: in fields, forests, seas, oceans and swamps. Even damp bedding and carpeting in the home can be a breeding ground for these insects.

varieties of ticks

A reasonable question arises: "What are ticks, and why are they dangerous?" Ixodid ticks are the most unpleasant representatives of this class. Meeting with this species is quite dangerous for humans and animals. Their bite can be accompanied by diseases such as inflammation of the brain, fever, typhoid. There are ixodid ticks in the forests of Siberia and Europe. Some species settle in the Crimea, Turkey. Field varieties of ixodid ticks lie in wait for a person in meadows and other places covered with grass. For pets, the brown dog tick is the most dangerous. It is found in wet coastal areas. This parasite burrows into the dog's skin and is the causative agent of babesiosis. In rare cases, it has been observedbrown tick attack on people.

photo of ticks

Shell mites are inhabitants of forest floors and moist soil. The most common type. They affect the digestive system of animals that eat larvae and grass infested with mites.

Another "unpleasant neighbors" - barn mites. These small arthropods live in cereals, flour, plant bulbs and tree bark. If the tick enters the body, then you can get poisoning of the digestive system, accompanied by red eyes, allergies, and even an asthma attack.

Scabies mite is the causative agent of scabies. Members of this species gnaw out rather long passages in the skin and lay eggs there, which causes severe itching and inflammation.

Diverse varieties of ticks are found throughout the life of a person. Water mites lie in wait in reservoirs, the meeting with which is very unpleasant, and gamasid mites destroy any poultry. Krasnottelkovye mites are quite small in size, and therefore almost invisible, only the larvae of these representatives attack people, being carriers of fever.

what are ticks

In order not to get sick after a walk in the forest or a trip to the river, you need to follow some precautions and be careful. When going out into nature, dress in such a way that the body is as closed as possible. Do not allow ticks to get into hair on the head or climb into shoes. Be sure to check each other after the walk. To be fully armed, you need to know the "enemy" inface, so be sure to look in special books for photos of ticks that can be dangerous. If you suspect an insect bite, go to the doctor immediately. You should not try to take out the tick yourself if it has already dug into the skin, so you will tear off its abdomen, and the poisonous head will remain. A couple of drops of castor oil will help to take out the whole insect without leaving any parts of it in your body.

Examine not only yourself, but also your pet, his ears and nose. Many varieties of ticks are carried by dogs, cats and other pets.

If you follow some simple rules, your vacation will be pleasant and not overshadowed by painful consequences.

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