Nikolai Fedorov, President of Chuvashia in 1993-2010, became one of the longest-lived heads of regions in modern Russian history. He managed to find a common language both with his constituents and with the central government, thanks to which he remained in his post for almost twenty years. During his time in power in Chuvashia, the current Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council managed to achieve certain successes, in particular, under him all regions of the republic were completely gasified, and the pace of housing construction increased.
Nikolai Fedorov was born in 1958 in the village of Chedino, in the Chuvash Republic. He grew up in a large family and from childhood he got used to making his way in life on his own, not relying on others. The native village of the future president of Chuvashia was razed to the ground to build a giant chemical industry in the suburbs of Cheboksary, which left a depressing impression in the memory of Nikolai.
The only way he could break through wassuccessful studies, and Fedorov tried his best, achieving a gold medal at the end of school. To continue his education, a native of Chedino chose Tatarstan, where he entered the law faculty of Kazan State University. Having successfully defended his diploma in 1980, Nikolai Fedorov achieved distribution to his homeland and returned to Cheboksary.
Here, the future liberal taught such disciplines as "Soviet Law" and "Scientific Communism" for two years. After taking a break for graduate school, he returned to Chuvash State University and continued teaching.
In 1989, Nikolai Fedorov swung his hand at legislative activity and was successfully elected a People's Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. Here he worked according to his profile, being one of the heads of the committee on legislation.
The well-educated and legally literate provincial soon became one of the most visible people in parliament. It is logical that it was his candidacy that became the main one for the post of Minister of Justice of the RSFSR. In 1991, the future president of Chuvashia received the coveted ministerial post, managing to remain in his position in four different compositions of the cabinet of ministers until 1993.
In 1991, Nikolai Fedorov was marked by an act that paints the moral character of the then leaders in a not particularly favorable light. At the request of the German authorities, he made a demand to the former head of the GDR, Eric Honecker, who was then hiding inChilean embassy in Moscow, to leave the territory of the Russian Federation. It is not too noble to give up your former allies into the hands of enemies, especially since Honecker was then already 79 years old and he was seriously ill with cancer. The law is the law, and Leonid Brezhnev's former comrade left the not very hospitable Moscow.
In 1993, Nikolai Fedorov was noted for a number of accurate forecasts in which he warned society against impending corruption and quite accurately predicted the scenario of a political crisis in the country. In March 1993, he resigned in protest against Boris Yeltsin's introduction of a special order for governing the country, calling this step unconstitutional, and was critical of the dispersal of the Supreme Soviet in October of that year.
Thus, he earned himself the image of an independent, independent politician who is not afraid to go into opposition to power.
Head of Chuvashia
Having gained political weight, Nikolai Fedorov decided to continue his successful career. He secured himself and announced his candidacy for participation in elections of both federal and regional significance. According to the list of the Democratic Party, a native of Chedino ran for the post of deputy of the State Duma, in addition, he nominated himself as a candidate for the post of head of the Chuvash Republic.
Everything went well for him. He was elected to the Duma and immediately became a member of the Defense Committee. It turned out to be much more difficult to become the president of Chuvashia. In the first round, he won 24.9% of the votes, and his mainopponent, rector of the Chuvash University Lev Kurakov - 21%. Everything was decided in the second round, where Nikolai Fedorov won in a tough fight.
Having assumed the post of head of the republic, the former Minister of Justice focused on regional affairs and refused the mandate of a State Duma deputy.
Victory and defeat
Local old-timers quite positively assess Fedorov's activities as president of Chuvashia. All the villages of the republic were completely covered with gas pipes, the times of coal stoves and stokers are gone. Under him, the pace of housing construction increased by an order of magnitude, the level of urbanization of the backward agrarian republic reached its maximum level.
Nikolai Fedorov especially focused on the capital of Chuvashia - Cheboksary. The historical center was reconstructed, the landscape was transformed, and a new harbor on the Volga was built.
Fedorov was successfully elected to the presidency three times, and in 2005 he was appointed head of the region by presidential decree. In 2010, he resigned, moving to the federal level.
From 2012 to 2015, Nikolai Vasilyevich served as Minister of Agriculture. At this time, he had a conflict with the new president of Chuvashia - Ignatiev. In response to criticism of the situation in the republic by the federal minister, the head of the region reasonably noted that the well-being of his small homeland also depends on him, since income from agriculture in Chuvashia reaches 40%.
Nikolai Fedorov was deprivedministerial chair in 2015, after which he left for legislative work. Today, the former president of Chuvashia is the deputy chairman of the Federation Council.