Man, as you know, is a social being, that is, living within a certain system, which is equipped with certain relationships. Therefore, social management is the management of people who are elements of a particular system.
The main mechanisms of social governance are as follows:
1. The mechanism of conscious control, the essence of which is that all processes are implemented by people.
2. The mechanism of spontaneous control, the consistency of which is the result of the work of individual processes.
Based on these mechanisms, social governance can be viewed as a set of objective laws, leaving aside ideological and political preferences.
The nature of social management is also very peculiar: the primitive herd ceases to be such and becomes a society, when social ties begin to emerge within this community, which, in fact, organize us all. The emergence of these ties is characterized by a change in the external environment, which led to the fact that people were forced to join forces,to survive. This moment of realizing the need to join efforts means the emergence of society, and, consequently, its management.
Considering social management as an element of the overall system, we should mention its features:
1. Management is of a volitional nature, that is, it is carried out on the basis of the will and consciousness of people.
2. The system-forming factor is a common interest and a common goal.
3. The imperious nature of management, that is, power provides control, and, accordingly, unity.
4. Historical features (on each new formation they are purely individual).
One cannot fail to mention such a sign of control as cyclicality. In turn, any cycle of the social system has 4 stages:
• Informative stage, where information is collected and processed.
• Intellectual, where decision-making is carried out.
• ensuring the promotion of the decision to the masses.
• Legislative, which is characterized by control over execution and adjustment of actions.
Social management implies the performance of certain functions:
• Management of production (joint production of food).
• Management of forecasting (which is the basis for the survival of the system)
• Management as type of enforcement (enforcement of rules expressed in the judiciary).
• Social Welfare Office (this function applies to women, children, the elderly).
Types of social management (in some literature these concepts are called ways):
Thus, social management is a rather multifaceted process, including many factors, therefore, having given a short description of the main provisions, the concept cannot be fully studied. In order to fully understand this issue, it is necessary to deal with it structurally and study it within the framework of a systems analysis.