What is a "dossier"? Is it collected information?

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What is a "dossier"? Is it collected information?
What is a "dossier"? Is it collected information?

Ask anyone you meet on the street the question "What is a dossier?". "This is a folder in which all the collected information about a person is stored, or just a person's documents are stored," the majority will say. But is this the correct answer? What is a dossier and what is the origin of this word?

Meaning of the word

"Dossier" is a word of French origin (dossier - "case"). It is a neuter noun, inanimate, indeclinable. Refers to special vocabulary. In Russian, it has two meanings:

  • set of documents and materials related to any case or person;
  • folder with all collected materials.
dossier is

The most frequently used expressions with this word, as well as examples of its use are as follows:

  • he put together a complete dossier on every member of this out-of-state group, and his information was quite complete;
  • dossier on someone;
  • dossier is a very useful tool for collecting, storing and organizing anyinformation.


As already mentioned, a dossier is a folder containing documents and information collected about a case or a person. However, it can be of several types, for example:

  • On any person. Contains all the information about him, his biography, habits, circle of friends, professional activities and professional connections, as well as many other facts.
  • At a competitor. It is often maintained at enterprises and contains data about the competitor's company itself, its plans, opportunities, completed transactions, etc.
  • A credit file is all the information collected about a person in terms of his relationship with the bank, information about his loans, debts on them and other details important for the bank and its employees.
full dossier

These are just a few of the most common. In fact, there are many more of them. Some of them are found in several areas at once, and some are specific.

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