- Definition of terms
- Truth and Values
- Similarities and differences
- True, false, true
- Concepts at different times
- drawing conclusions
The philosophical question of how truth differs from truth, as well as the very definition of these two terms - this is what has always occupied the most inquisitive minds of speakers of all languages of the past and present. People who study it may come across some contradictions. Let's analyze both terms and try to understand why they are of such interest.
Definition of terms
Truth is information that reflects a certain state of things in reality with the utmost accuracy, is the only true one.
Truth is information that only claims to be true. The word "true" is the antonym of the word "false".
Truth and Values
Truth is considered a serious value, both personal and social, and such concepts as "goodness", "meaning", "justice" and similar human values are on a par with "truth".
G. Rickertrepresented the values embedded in human culture as in a reality created by him, which is opposite to the reality that arose on its own, under the influence of the forces of nature. The main question of values is the problem of their very existence. Rickert also believed that it is impossible to speak of the values contained in cultural objects as existing and non-existent - only as meaning and not having meaning.
Many believe that not so successful research of evidence of the existence of universally recognized values can be justified by the problem in determining the values of all mankind, because the latter often hide the values of some social groups (usually quite conservative), which simply impose their own values on others ideas about the world.
That's why reassessment of values is quite a difficult task, compared to making some amendments to existing knowledge. At the same time, despite the opinion of Rickert, the values themselves exist, only not in nature, but in human consciousness, and they find their manifestations in determining specific forms of social life.
Similarities and differences
The world society in modern times uses in its movement forward not one truth, but rather several rival truths, which are usually called different truths. To the question of how truth differs from truth, philosophy tells us that truth has a pronounced social connotation, and it is associated with the recognition of a certain statement as significant,necessary, useful and subject to some requirements of society.
Thus, it is interpretation and meaning for society that can endow something with the status of "truth", in contrast to various events, facts and the like. It turns out that the concepts of "truth" and "truth" have a completely different essence, although many are not used to it. Truth is subjective and truth is objective.
Every person has a purely personal truth. He can consider it an indisputable truth, with which other people are obliged, in his opinion, to agree.
True, false, true
The term "lie" can clarify some points. Lies play an important role in determining how truth differs from truth, because truth is inherently subjective truth, that is, what a certain person considers to be true. At the same time, people often use lies, believing that it can help in resolving some issues or problems.
There are usually several types of lies:
Immanuel Kant noted that deliberate silence can be considered as a lie or a lie. If we promise to reveal a certain truth to a person, while forming a false statement, this will be considered a lie. If, on the other hand, we are forced to give up something without having any right to such coercion, then evading an answer orsilence will be untrue.
Concepts at different times
In the language of modern Russians, the concepts have formed the following meanings, which are considered to be the main ones:
- Truth is concrete knowledge about some fact that actually took place. Such knowledge, as a rule, is incomplete, because since a certain person sees only a certain fragment, few dare to dig a little deeper.
- Truth is some kind of higher knowledge associated with the intellectual or spiritual sphere. Knowledge is close to something general, for some - even to the divine. Truth is an undeniable absolute, unlike the truth.
It is curious that this kind of division of concepts in our time is perceived by the Russian-speaking population in a completely different way than before. Up until the early nineteenth century, the terms had the opposite meaning. Thus, the truth was perceived as something objective, almost divine, and the truth - as something human and subjective.
In Russia, the truth was one of the obligatory attributes of the Lord and all the saints. In itself, this word was inextricably linked with such concepts as piety, justice and righteousness. Take at least one of the oldest codes of law in Russia, which had the name "Russian Truth", which was clearly given to him for a reason.
Another example of how the truth differed from the truth at that time: when the truth was revered as a direct result of a person’s communication with the Lord, the truth was perceived as something"earthly". The Ps alter tells us that truth comes down from heaven, while truth comes up from the earth.
Some meanings of truth had to do with things like money and goods. However, by about the twentieth century, the meanings of these two words changed each other, the truth "fell to the ground", while the truth was "lifted up to heaven".
There are a few main things to take away from all of this. Truth is a kind of sublime concept, the absolute of knowledge, it is undeniable and is associated with a highly intellectual or spiritual sphere. Truth is a more mundane and subjective concept. This is certain information that claims to be reliable, while it is not necessarily so.
Every person has his own truth, but the truth is the same for everyone. At the same time, the two concepts were interpreted differently until the twentieth century. The meaning of the terms was directly opposite to each other.