The concreteness of the truth. The problem of truth in philosophy. The concept of truth

The concreteness of the truth. The problem of truth in philosophy. The concept of truth
The concreteness of the truth. The problem of truth in philosophy. The concept of truth
Anonim

Many people love to philosophize. But only a few are able to operate with specific scientific concepts, those who, due to their professional duties, must be able to think and explain themselves in philosophical terms and definitions, as well as those who are passionate about this area. For example, the concept of "concreteness of truth" only seems simple and mundane. But in fact, this is a complex field of knowledge.

Philosophical complexities

Being and consciousness is the central theme of the science of philosophy. The relationship of these two spheres is not only a system of knowledge, but the very life of every person. Moreover, philosophical concepts clearly resonate with everyday life, only people never think about it and daily operate with a much simpler conceptual apparatus, putting everyday meaning into each definition. But philosophy is the science of the relationship between man and the world, which develops certain concepts of such interaction in all manifestations. And therefore, simple, in the opinion of the layman, words in the philosopher's dictionary take on other meanings, more complex, multifaceted.For example, the concreteness of truth is a set of definitions that make it possible to understand the relationship of truth with the subject and object of knowledge.

concreteness of truth

Truth is not alone

The concept of truth is quite simple and at the same time complex. Speaking in the language of philosophy, truth is an epistemological indicator of thinking in relation to the subject of thinking. In the definition of "the concept of truth" there is a term that is rarely encountered in the everyday life of a simple layman - "epistemological". What does it mean? Everything is simple. Epistemology is the process of cognitive activity in the relationship of the subject, object and the process of cognition. Each definition of philosophy entails other concepts that require explanation. And here, too, there is a need for specificity in relation to the subject of study. But, as they say, each person has his own truth, his own truth. That is why philosophy has the concept of truth in its functionality, and concretizes this term in various situations of its understanding. Simple truths are the meaning of every person's life, they are concrete and everyday, but at the same time they are infinitely multivariate. Philosophy as a science from the most ancient times has been trying to define and designate the worldview, and various currents, each of which claims its own truth, become a new round in the development of philosophy. Truth as a philosophical concept has several types:

  • absolute truth;
  • relative;
  • objective;
  • specific.

Each such concept has its own rationale for what is a sphereactivities of philosophy as a science.

concept of truth

Concrete truth

All philosophers have been looking for the essence of truth for thousands of years, as soon as people wanted to understand the specifics of what is happening in this world. But, as time shows, it is very difficult, probably impossible, to define the grain itself, because the truth itself is a multifaceted thing, depending on many interacting concepts. Its specificity is determined by the limitations of the field of knowledge to which this particular truth refers. But the world is limitless, which means that certainty refers only to a point lying in the plane of the present, and is not transmitted further, no matter what areas of life it concerns.

truth and error

Deception

Philosophy is an interesting science if you want to get to the bottom of the issues it tries to solve. For example, two spheres of life are truth and error. They are inextricably linked and at the same time endlessly repel each other. "You are mistaken!" - people say to those who, in their particular opinion, misunderstand the essence of the question posed. But meanwhile, truth is an objective reality that depends on the subject who perceives it. Therefore, delusion is an unintentional inconsistency with reality, based on freedom of choice. Here it is necessary to clearly distinguish between what is delusion and what is false. A lie is a deliberate distortion of the truth. Here, the moral and psychological principles of society are included in the work.

simple truths

Two single pieces

Error and truth cannot exist separately from each other, because the search for truth is the methodical elimination of errors. Simple truths, which are the basis of the worldview of each individual person, are the basis of global science - philosophy. There is no science without scientists, which means there is no philosophy with its conceptual apparatus without those who know how to operate it correctly. Both truth and error are obligatory conditions for the functioning of the subject in objective reality. The trial and error method allows you to eliminate misconceptions, moving towards the goal - the truth. But as thousands of years of human life on Earth show, absolute truth is ephemeral. But its concreteness at a given point in time and space is the objective reality of the subject. He may be mistaken in perception, but for him the axiom will still be concrete. This is the essence of the search for the meaning of the existence of humanity as a whole and each person individually - the search for truth makes and allows you to move forward.

basic criterion of truth

What is the point?

The concept of truth is a complex philosophical term. For many centuries, scientific works and works of art were devoted to him. Someone claims that the truth is in wine, but for someone it is somewhere nearby. These phrases have become commonplace aphorisms, showing all the uncertainty of philosophical concepts from the points of view of different people. After all, how many people, so many opinions. But the approach to philosophy is not as a narrow-minded reasoning about the world order, but as a specific science with its own conceptual apparatus, technical methods of work, theory and practiceallows you to talk about the truth from all points of view, as a specific subject of knowledge. This concept is multifaceted, and different areas of human life allow us to see it from all sides. It is difficult to say that this thought or judgment is the truth. The specifics depend on the time and location of the event. The fusion of space and time forms certainty, but life is movement, and therefore a specific texture can become relative, which, by definition, can become absolute if its irrefutability is proved. And it can go into the category of delusions if the next moment the conditions for searching for truth change and it ceases to correspond to them.

essence of truth

By what criteria is truth judged?

Like any other scientific concept, the explanation of the truth has its own signs to distinguish it from error. Based on them, correlating them with the knowledge gained, we can say what is true and what is false.

Truth Criteria:

  • logical;
  • proven science;
  • fundamentality;
  • simplicity;
  • idea paradox;
  • practicality.

Of all these concepts, the main criterion of truth is its practicality. Whether humanity will be able to use the acquired knowledge in its activities or not - that's its basis. And the practice is supported by logic, science, simplicity, paradox and fundamentality, which create the concreteness of truth. If knowledge is a concrete axiom, then it develops into relative truth, and then, perhaps, intoabsolute. The same criteria should be used to separate error from truth.

concreteness of truth

Is the truth out there?

Truth and error are the basis of human life. We take something as an axiom, we find some truth ourselves, we make mistakes somewhere, but we allow ourselves to be convinced under the pressure of arguments, and some delusions remain with us for life. And this is precisely the beauty of humanity, the uniqueness of its subjective and objective reality, existing in time and space. The concreteness of truth forms consciousness and, accordingly, being, because it was not for nothing that the great philosopher Karl Marx said that being determines consciousness. Moreover, he did not mean the material sphere, but the totality of all facets of the life of a particular person and global humanity. Therefore, the truth is something that is always somewhere nearby, you just need to want to know it. The simple, undisguised truth is the basis of life for each of us.

concept of truth

The concreteness of truth is a momentary concept. It is difficult for a person to know what is a delusion and what is not. But if at a given moment in time the new knowledge meets certain criteria, then the truth has been found after all! So the philosophical conceptual apparatus can have practical application in everyday life, if you want to learn how to use it. Philosophy, as it turned out, is an applied science. This is an axiom.

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