- School years
- What is her nationality?
- Student years
- New stage. JuliaTymoshenko: biography and personal life
- Mastering a profession
- End of the Soviet period
- Start of a new period
- Fame and success
- "Lady Yu" and politics
- One step to premiere
- Yu. Tymoshenko and the National Salvation Fund (FTS)
- Orange Revolution
- Again bondage
- Yulia Timoshenko today
Today her name is known all over the world. In 2005, she was one of the three most powerful women on the planet. Fate either elevated her above millions, then threw her behind bars. Surely many have not been able to understand who Yulia Tymoshenko is? Her biography is so rich that more than one novel can be written on it.
The most famous Ukrainian woman was born on November 27, 1960 in the city of Dnepropetrovsk. Therefore, to the question of how old Yulia Tymoshenko is, one can say with confidence: "She is 54 years old." Yulia Vladimirovna recalls that her childhood was not cloudless, since her father, Vladimir Grigyan, left the family very early. Mom - Lyudmila Telegina - raised her daughter alone from two years old. They lived in a small three-room apartment in a five-story block building. In addition, Lyudmila took care of her sick mother, and also worked until late as a dispatcher in a city taxi depot. Naturally, their incomplete family had a hard time. We tried to save on everything, the girl grew up in a modest environment.
Almost all of Yulia's school life was spent in high schoolschool number 37 in Dnepropetrovsk. She studied well, quickly mastered the material she studied, had no difficulties in mathematics. Yulia Tymoshenko has been distinguished by her strong character since her school days. She never played with dolls, she was only friends with boys. The last two classes she had to receive knowledge in another school - No. 75. All her student memories are connected with this educational institution. As a teenager, Julia became seriously interested in gymnastics, she was even going to continue her sports career.
What is her nationality?
Many are surprised by the fact that as a girl, Yulia Timoshenko bore the surname Grigyan. This raises a number of questions. The "yan" ending sometimes gives some people reason to wonder if Yulia Timoshenko is Armenian. However, initially the paternal ancestors of the woman bore the surname Gigaryanis, and were Latvians by nationality. Until graduation, Julia bore her father's surname. Having become an adult, she took her mother's surname - Telegina. By the way, her mother is a purebred Ukrainian.
After school, Yulia Telegina submits documents to the Mining Institute of Dnepropetrovsk. However, a few days before the exams, she changes her mind and enters the Faculty of Economics of Dnepropetrovsk State University with a degree in Economic Cybernetics. Studying is easy for her, she learns the basics of economics with pleasure. The teachers are surprised at the strong character and clear mind of the young beauty.
New stage. JuliaTymoshenko: biography and personal life
In her first year, Yulia met Alexander Timoshenko, her future husband, who was a year younger than her. A romance began between the young people, and by the end of the first year, Yulia married Alexander, and a year later they had a daughter. Yulia Timoshenko was then only nineteen years old, and her young father was eighteen. The young parents named the girl Evgenia. After giving birth, the young mother for a while all went into caring for her baby, rarely met with friends. However, Yulia and Alexander did not have the problems that young spouses who started a family at such a young age have. Sasha's father was an influential person in Dnepropetrovsk. He helped a young family.
Mastering a profession
Despite all the worries about her husband and young daughter, Yulia Vladimirovna still managed to graduate from the university with honors in 1984. She deservedly received a red diploma. Then she was sent to work at the Dnepropetrovsk Machine-Building Plant named after Lenin as an economist, where she worked until 1990. This ends the Soviet period in the life of the iron lady. Yulia Tymoshenko, whose biography is full of difficult moments, embarks on the path of mastering big business and the political arena.
End of the Soviet period
They say that during Gorbachev's rule, Yulia opened her own cooperative, and then, after the collapse of the USSR, in the blink of an eye she moved from a small business to a large one. Tymoshenko Yulia Vladimirovna does not like to talk about this stage of life, yesand there is almost no reliable information in the press. However, there are facts proving that the clan was headed by Gennady Timoshenko (Alexander's father) and his daughter-in-law Yulia - two very strong and strong-willed people.
Yulia Timoshenko and her father-in-law were initially engaged in the sale and distribution of large batches of video cassettes with foreign films, then they organized concerts of rock bands that gathered huge halls. However, Yulia all this seemed frivolous and unprofitable. She dreamed of a larger business - trading and producing petroleum products.
Start of a new period
After the collapse of the USSR and the proclamation of the independent Republic of Ukraine, Yulia Tymoshenko was able to carry out her plans. Already in 1991, she became the general director of the Ukrainian Gasoline Corporation (KUB). A few years later, the KUB began to cooperate with Great Britain and turned into a Ukrainian-British joint industrial and financial corporation, which began to bear the name "United Energy Systems of Ukraine". The company's turnover was $11 billion a year. Soon the corporation had a monopoly on the Russian natural gas trade in Ukraine, and Yulia Tymoshenko became the president of this company. By 1997, she began to control a quarter of the entire economy of Ukraine.
Fame and success
By the end of the 90s, Tymoshenko was gaining popularity not only in Ukraine, but also abroad. Many see her as their favorite and savior. Programs are made about her, her photographs adorn the covers of magazines, shededicate fashion collections, even the Novator football club of Bobrinetsk is renamed into Yulia-Innovator.
"Lady Yu" and politics
At the end of 1996, a star, whose name was Yulia Tymoshenko, lit up on the Ukrainian political horizon. The biography of the young politician smoothly went to the top. She herself puts forward herself as a candidate for deputies of the Kirovograd region. Julia was able to score 92%. Already in early 1997, she became a deputy of the Verkhovna Rada and immediately joined the "Constitutional Center" faction.
Soon she becomes one of the leaders of the Gromada party. Yulia Tymoshenko in the shortest possible time was able to raise the rating of this party so high that none of the former leaders even dared to dream about it. The Ukrainian Orthodox Church sided with Yulia and awarded her the Order of St. Barbara the Great Martyr. A year later, Lady Yu is already the chairman of the Verkhovna Rada Committee on Financial Affairs (budget). The project "One Hundred Weeks to a Decent Life" belongs to this period of her activity. In 1998, Tymoshenko was re-elected and continues to lead the work of the budget committee. However, a year later, she resigns from this position, and after the opening of the new Batkivshchyna faction, Tymoshenko, along with other "hulks", goes under her auspices.
One step to premiere
In 1999, Viktor Yushchenko proposed to Yulia Tymoshenko to become Deputy Prime Minister for fuel and energy issues. Naturally, she did not miss this chance.
Criminal cases have been initiated against Yulia Tymoshenko more than once. The reasons were the facts of smuggling, theft of state property, etc. A more serious accusation hung over her in 2001, when the Prosecutor General's Office opened two cases against her at once. At the same time, she was removed from the post of Deputy Prime Minister, in February 2001 she was arrested. She was placed in the Lukyanovka pre-trial detention center in Kyiv, but literally two weeks later Yulia Tymoshenko was released. However, this woman did not go to her home after prison, but to the Medicom clinic. Two weeks of detention in a pre-trial detention center undermined her he alth, so she had to go to the clinic for the treatment of stomach ulcers. However, freedom did not last long. Three days later, a convoy appeared in front of her ward, turning the hospital ward into a prison cell. But in April of the same year, the arrest warrant was cancelled. Two years later, a criminal case was again initiated against Yulia.
Yu. Tymoshenko and the National Salvation Fund (FTS)
In February 2001, Yulia Tymoshenko created the National Salvation Fund (FTS). It was a public association whose members pursued the goal of removing President Leonid Kuchma from office. Then the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc was created, which received 20 seats in the Verkhovna Rada in the parliamentary elections. In 2002, Yulia and some opposition leaders lead the "Ukraine without Kuchma" protest against the power of the incumbent.
In two years twoopposition blocs - Tymoshenko and Yushchenko - unite and create a coalition "Power of the People", which should support Yushchenko's candidacy in the presidential elections. Tymoshenko herself is elected by a majority vote in the Verkhovna Rada as the head of the "orange" government. In 2005, according to the Forbes magazine, Yulia Tymoshenko entered the top ten most influential ladies in the world, and she ranked third on this list. However, she resigned as prime minister that same year. From 2007 to 2010, the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc strengthened its position in the Rada, and in 2010 it received more than 45% of the vote in the presidential elections.
In 2010, Yulia Tymoshenko was charged with a number of criminal offenses. In August 2011, she was arrested. She was sentenced to 7 years. From the Kyiv pre-trial detention center, the prisoner was transferred to the hospital for he alth reasons, but she was under the strictest guard. In 2013, the European Court ruled that the detention of Yulia Tymoshenko was illegal and that she had the right to claim compensation for non-pecuniary damage.
Yulia Timoshenko today
Despite the fact that Yu.V. Tymoshenko was under arrest at the end of 2012, the Batkivshchyna (united opposition) party nominated her as the only candidate for the presidency of Ukraine during the 2015 elections. Due to the current situation, the elections have already been postponed to May 25, 2014, where she will also be one of the main candidates. By the way, the daughter of Yulia Tymoshenko todayis engaged in attracting foreign investment to Ukraine.