In the modern civilized world, people are always interested to know what life was like before the appearance of our ancestors. There is one place where you can spend a weekend with children and get to know the past in more detail. The Natural History Museum in London will reveal the secrets of the life of prehistoric animals, wild plants and various insects.
One of the most popular exhibits among visitors is a dinosaur skeleton. It is thanks to him that the museum is visited annually by tens of thousands of tourists. The tour leaves an unforgettable impression and a lot of positive emotions.
History of Appearance
Every year a lot of people visit London. The Natural History Museum is the most popular place in South Kensington. At the moment, it has seventy million exhibits. By visiting this place, you can see objects of a zoological and botanical nature, as well as mineralogical and entomological. The entire territory covers more than six hectares.
In 1759, Parliament decided to open a museum. This idea arose thanks to the famous doctor Hans Sloan, who gave the British his huge collections of skeletons anda variety of herbariums collected over decades.
From the very beginning, all these interesting exhibits were exhibited in the Bloomseries of the British Museum. But over time, they grew larger and needed more space to house them.
In the 1850s, the director of the museum suggested that Parliament buy a new building for these displays. And only fifteen years later a plot of land in Kensington was allocated. The project was developed by the architect Francis Fowke, it was finalized by Alfred Waterhouse. The building has an original Byzantine-style façade. Construction began in 1873 and continued until 1881. And after the completion of the repair, it was officially opened, and the first visitors visited here.
In the early nineties, the British Museum was renamed the Natural History Museum and continues to exist to this day.
When you pass through the front gate of the building, you will see a beautiful view of the central hall. The decoration of this hall is a sculpture of Charles Darwin, it is located on the main staircase. And also here are the first exhibits of enormous size: a large skeleton of a dinosaur and a Sequoia plant, almost one and a half thousand years old. Seeing such beauty, you will plunge into the world of the past.
Lots of things to do in London. The Natural History Museum is one of them. The building is divided into four main halls, which allow you to distribute exhibits by topic.
In the blue zone there are exhibits of dinosaurs, newts, inhabitants of the oceans and seas. On the ceiling of this hall is fixeda giant copy of a whale, its size is almost thirty meters.
Still in the sector are amazing models of different reptiles, some of them move, blink their eyes and even make sounds. And the museum exhibit of a tyrannosaurus rex, which clicks with terrible fangs and moves its claws, is of the greatest interest. This model has become the most unique in the building. Thanks to these expositions, the museum became famous all over the world.
In the green zone there are a variety of insects, plants and a large number of exhibits of various birds - from hummingbirds to huge ostriches. And here is the Dodo bird, which lived on the island of Mauritius.
This zone pays considerable attention to the environmental problems of our world. Many screens in the hall help people understand their role on the planet and learn more about how to save nature.
The Red Zone will surprise you with its various exhibits of volcanoes, show models of ebb and flow. There are also incredible earthquake exposures that will give you the opportunity to feel all the tremors and leave unforgettable good emotions.
In addition, a variety of layouts are presented here. They show the origin of the Earth and the life of our distant ancestors. There is also an exhibit of the Cyclops skull, which will surprise you with its appearance and cheer you up.
Orangethe area is like a garden of wild nature, it has more than fifty million models. Here are different plants, amazing insects and predators that eat all these insects.
Darwin exhibits are also in this sector. Its collections are of historical and scientific value. This assortment includes acquaintance with a gigantic number of living organisms, which are divided into sections. In the first part there are preserved specimens in jars, and in the other there is a large cocoon, inside of which are plants and various minerals. And the most popular exhibit in this center is a huge squid almost nine meters in size.
Many tourists are especially attracted by London at night. The Natural History Museum can also be visited at this time of day. Visitors strolling through the dark corridors will hear different sounds of dinosaurs and terrible creaks that will make the heart beat faster with mild fear.
Inside the task there are souvenir shops where you can buy gifts of various kinds. And there are also cafes and restaurants where you can have a delicious lunch or just have a cup of tea with delicious cakes.
People who love everything mysterious, foggy, must visit London. The Natural History Museum will only enhance these feelings and immerse you in the era of the past, where you will forget about real life for a moment.