- What is river mud?
- Types of sludge
- Features of river silt
- Il at the dacha, in the garden and greenhouse
Many garden lovers know that you can use river silt as fertilizer. Why it is useful, how often its use is acceptable, in what quantities - these are questions that become more and more relevant with the approach of spring and the beginning of the summer season. Before giving answers, you need to find out what river silt is. In addition, there are several different types of this breed, which will also be discussed below.
What is river mud?
The definition of this substance can be formulated as follows: soft rock, which consists of organic and mineral components deposited at the bottom of various reservoirs. When dried, it resembles earth, but has a looser texture. In turn, answering the question "what is river silt?", we can say that this is a rock that accumulates exclusively in rivers and due to this has its own characteristics.
Types of sludge
This breed is marsh, lake, pond and river. Sludge from the bottom of ponds, as a rule, can contain a large amount of harmful substances that will have a negative impactfor garden plants. For example, the composition of such sludge includes humic acid and iron oxide s alt. To eliminate all the dangerous consequences of using this breed as a fertilizer, it is necessary to expose it to air, heat and high humidity. Due to this, the decomposition of acids and s alts will occur, and the output will be a loose mass with a high content of minerals, nitrogen, potassium, sodium and phosphate acid. This recycled sludge is ideal for soil fertilization.
One way to make fertilizer from pond sludge is to put it in small piles, where it is mixed with lime and/or ash for faster decomposition, and topped with a layer of manure.
Lake and river silt are valuable and micronutrient-rich substances. In dacha and agriculture, they are used as organic fertilizers, which contain a lot of phosphorus, but little potassium and nitrogen. Lake silt is also called "sapropel". It favorably influences sandy soils, but is effective also on heavier soils.
Swamp silt is rich in nitrogen. There is even more of it in it than in the highest quality manure. It is also good for composts due to its ability to neutralize faeces and make them safe to use.
Features of river silt
This breed can be used as a composter for complex substances such as sawdust or bark. It is perfect for heavy soils due to the high sand content. But il notshould be used as soon as it has been mined from the bottom. In order for it to become as effective as possible, it is better for river silt to lie down for at least a year. During this period of time, it will oxidize, s alts of heavy metals will leave it. In the future, it should be used at the rate of up to 3 kilograms per square meter of land.
Il at the dacha, in the garden and greenhouse
Such a mineral formation will always improve the quality of the soil, it will become a wonderful food for plants. It will help them cope with adverse conditions and promote accelerated growth. It is a very valuable material for fertilizer. And if you have the opportunity to use it - never give up this idea. But before using sludge, it is necessary to know its composition and the conditions under which it was formed.
As you know, lake silt is considered the best. Sapropel is both soil, fertilizer, and a good antiseptic. River silt must be extracted from those rivers into which no hazardous waste flows are produced. Such a dried fertilizer is ideal for potatoes. Pond sludge is best added to compost and kept for a year. In this case, the output will be an excellent product rich in lime.
Now that you know what river silt and its "brothers" are, you can determine which type best suits your needs.