- General information
- History of the Novoarbatsky Bridge
- Bridge structure
- Reconstruction and repair of the bridge
Across the Moscow River, which divides the capital into two parts, a huge number of both automobile and pedestrian bridges have been built. One of the most interesting and beautiful is Novoarbatsky, which connects Novy Arbat Street and Kutuzovsky Prospekt.
Locals advise visiting the bridge at night, when the buildings around are illuminated by hundreds of lights and reflected in the Moscow River - a truly impressive and, of course, romantic sight. At this time, you can take very beautiful photos from the Novoarbatsky bridge.
The bridge is a rather impressive and large-scale structure.
The Novoarbatsky Bridge in Moscow is 494 meters long. The bridge is designed for 8 car lanes. Public transport is also organized along it.
Novoarbatsky bridge is one of the favorite walking routes for guests and residents of the capital. It offers such beautiful views that it is difficult to convey in words. Very often, sightseeing tours of Moscow include in theirthe Novoarbatsky Bridge program and use it as an observation deck. Standing there, you can see several significant places of the capital. So, the first thing that catches your eye is the impressive building of the Government House. Looking at the panorama of Moscow from the Novoarbatsky bridge, one cannot fail to notice the building of the Stalinist skyscraper, in which the hotel "Ukraine" is located.
The bridge also offers a stunning view of Novy Arbat Street, where a busy traffic flow does not subside day or night. The view of the street at night is especially mesmerizing - the headlights of passing cars form a light ribbon.
It is worth noting that many directors could not ignore the views that open from the Novoarbatsky bridge. So, this building can be seen in the movie "Ivan Vasilyevich Changes Profession".
History of the Novoarbatsky Bridge
The bridge was built in 1957. Initially, it was called Kalininsky. It was only in 1993 that the bridge received its current name, by which all residents of the capital are known.
One very important historical event is connected with the Novoarbatsky bridge in Moscow. In 1993, the confrontation between the legislative and executive authorities escalated in the country, which gradually escalated into an armed conflict. The President was a supporter of the speedy adoption of the new Constitution and the strengthening of presidential power, while representatives of the Supreme Council and the Congress of Deputiesadvocated the preservation of the power of people's deputies. On October 3, 1993, President Boris Yeltsin declared a state of emergency in the city. The next day, tanks were withdrawn to the streets of the city, which reached the Novoarbatsky bridge and began shelling the White House. According to historical information, civilians of the capital were killed during the armed conflict.
A group of engineers from the Giprotransmost Institute became the authors of the Novoarbatsky bridge project. The main span is located at an angle of 72 degrees to the riverbed. It is a steel-reinforced concrete beam.
When designing and building the Novoarbatsky bridge, for the first time in the practice of building Moscow bridges, steel spans were made all-welded.
Each river support of the bridge consists of six columns, the trunks of which are cut with vertical grooves, or flutes. The columns are located on a common caisson base, which prevents the occurrence of settlements or displacements that are unacceptable for the bridge structure. The supports located on the shore are piled, which can significantly increase the stability of the bridge and protect it from the horizontal braking forces of cars, as well as deformation due to temperature changes.
Reconstruction and repair of the bridge
Major reconstruction of the bridge was carried out during 2003-2004. Since June 15, 2003, traffic on the bridge in one direction has been temporarily suspended due to ongoing repair work on it. The repair was carried out in several stages. The work was organized in such a way thatpublic transport was not restricted. During the work, builders and engineers leveled the deflection of the bridge span over the riverbed. In addition, most of the tiled floors on the roadway were replaced and communications were repaired. The reconstruction was completed in early July 2004.