Climate of Veliky Novgorod: main characteristics

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Climate of Veliky Novgorod: main characteristics
Climate of Veliky Novgorod: main characteristics
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Veliky Novgorod is one of the major cities in the northwest of the European part of Russia. It is the capital of the Novgorod region. It has a long and colorful history, which is reflected in the sights of the city. Population - 222 868 people. Area – 90 km2. The climate of Veliky Novgorod is cool, moderately humid, similar to the climate of St. Petersburg.

Geography of the city

Veliky Novgorod is located on a vast lowland, in the valley of the Volkhov River, at a distance of 552 km northwest of Moscow. The distance to St. Petersburg is only 145 km. Time in Novgorod corresponds to Moscow. The climate of Veliky Novgorod favors the growth of temperate forests.

Ecology of Veliky Novgorod

Air pollution in the city is considered low. The largest contribution to it is made by vehicle exhaust gases. The role of industry is gradually decreasing.

At the same time, the water in the Volkhov River is characterized as polluted. The main contaminants are: iron,manganese, copper, organic matter. The radioactive background is normal.

The problem for the ecology of the city and its environs is a large number of discarded mercury lamps, as well as solid waste landfills.

Veliky Novgorod is distinguished by a large amount of greenery, which has a softening effect on the microclimate. Vegetation also reduces the concentration of harmful impurities in urban air.

Climate of Veliky Novgorod

The temperate continental climate of Novgorod is somewhat more severe than the climate of St. Petersburg, due to its greater distance from the seas. In general, the climate is characterized as relatively cold. Winters are moderately frosty and snowy, while summers are cool and damp. The average temperature of the winter months is -10°С.

Climatic winter starts from mid-November and lasts until April. In late January - early February, quite severe frosts are not uncommon. The absolute minimum for January is -45°, and for February - 39°. The thickness of the snow cover in the vicinity of Novgorod can sometimes exceed 1 meter.

winter in novgorod

Summer is not hot at all. The average temperature in July is only +17.5 °, and in June and August it is even a couple of degrees cooler. Autumn is long.

The absolute maximum temperature in the city is +34 °С.

The average temperature in Veliky Novgorod is +4.3 degrees.

Annual rainfall - 550 mm. The wettest months are July and August (71 mm per month) and the driest month is February (22 mm per month). Humidity is usually higharound 85%. The frequent invasion of cyclones from the Atlantic makes the weather unstable and easily changeable. In autumn, the rains are often prolonged.

cloud cover in novgorod

Although there are sunny warm days in the city, more often the weather is gloomy and damp. It often rains in summer. In September, and sometimes in August, the first frosts are already possible.

Urban transport

Veliky Novgorod is a major transport hub. Federal and regional highways pass through it. There is a bypass road that reduces the flow of cars inside the city. In addition to the increased number of private cars, public transport is also developed in Novgorod: trolleybuses, minibuses and buses run.

Novgorod is also an important railway junction.

the city's attractions

Attractions

The main part of the sights of this city are numerous historical and architectural structures. Here are the buildings belonging to different historical eras, including the pre-Mongolian time. There are also many museums in the city. Among them:

  • Novgorod Museum-Reserve;
  • Porcelain Museum;
  • museum of art culture;
  • museum of wooden architecture.

The climate of Veliky Novgorod is not extreme and resembles the climate of nearby St. Petersburg. It is influenced by both continental and oceanic air masses. The weather in Veliky Novgorod is often gloomy and damp.

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