Viktor Gusev (poet): biography

Viktor Gusev (poet): biography
Viktor Gusev (poet): biography

Gusev Viktor Mikhailovich is a Soviet poet, born in 1909 in Moscow.

Today's youth associate this name with a sports commentator. The fact is that Gusev, whom we know as a sports commentator, and Viktor Gusev (poet) are relatives. The poet is the grandfather of a sports journalist and announcer.

Poetry was not the only activity of Viktor Gusev. Along the way, he was also engaged in dramaturgy and translations of other people's texts.


In 1925, Viktor Mikhailovich Gusev entered the drama studio, which was organized at the Moscow Theater of Revolution. In the drama studio, Victor studied for 1 year and in 1926 he went to the higher literary courses of V. Ya. Bryusov. A year after his studies, he begins to publish his poems and becomes a member of the Moscow Society of Dramatic Writers.

Viktor Gusev

2 years later he releases his first book of poetry.

Gusev planned to study at the courses for 5 years, but due to their reorganization he studied only 3. For the last 2 years he has already studied at the Faculty of Literature and Art at Moscow State University.


Gusev's activity during his studies helps him make acquaintances with the right people and develop, promote his writingabilities further. He begins to write scripts for films and live pictures, ditties, lyrics for Soviet films, reprises and articles. In the late 20s, he writes comedies on his own.

victor gusev poet

Gusev Viktor Mikhailovich - a poet, he always felt the time and the need of people, so he tried not to stagnate in yesterday, giving out only a fresh and popular product. That is why at one time he was one of the most famous and commercially sought-after songwriters, playwrights and screenwriters. Although the beginning of his career, when he published his first poems, was not so rosy. His work was seriously criticized by Mayakovsky, who saw cheap revolutionary romanticism in Gusev's work.

He became widely known in 1934 when he wrote the song "Polyushko-field". After that, almost all of his works were successful.

For example, in 1935 he wrote the play "Glory". It was staged in all theaters of the country.

After the play, there were many worthy works, mainly as a director and screenwriter.

In 1941, Gusev took the position of head of the literary department in the radio committee and began to write reports and scripts for radio broadcasts.


During his creative career, Gusev was awarded 2 prizes and 1 award:

1) In 1939 he was awarded the Order of the Badge of Honor.

2) In 1942 he received the Stalin Prize of the second degree. The screenplay he wrote for the film The Pig and the Shepherd brought the award.

3) Exactly the same award Gusevreceived in 1946, which he was awarded posthumously. The award was given to him for the screenplay for the film "At 6 p.m. after the war."

Gusev Viktor Mikhailovich poet

Gusev family

Viktor Gusev had a wife - Stepanova Nina Petrovna, who worked as an ordinary teacher in Moscow. On May 29, 1934, their son was born. They named him after Victor's father - Mikhail.

Viktor Gusev was separated from his wife and children. Nina Petrovna with her children was forced to evacuate to Tashkent, and the poet remained in Moscow. Upon the return of his wife and children from the evacuation, Viktor Gusev had already died.

Mikhail and his sister Lena were orphaned. The boy was 10 at the time. Viktor Gusev's wife subsequently married a second time to the famous writer Konstantin Yakovlevich Finn.

The son of the poet entered the Faculty of Biology and Soil at Moscow State University and years later became a world-famous biologist.

The grandson of the poet V. M. Gusev was named after his grandfather, so he received the same name, surname and patronymic as his famous ancestor.

Gusev Viktor Mikhailovich

Traditions have long been established in the Gusev family - to alternate the names Mikhail and Victor. The sports commentator called his son Mikhail.

The grandson of the poet V. M. Gusev also achieved wide popularity thanks to his work on Channel One.

Little-known facts about the poet Gusev

Gusev was a patriot. In his poems, he glorified the country, its ideas and Stalin.

Gusev admired the technical progress he sometimes saw inpolar explorers and pilots. Once he was told a story about how a helicopter climbed to a record height in order to save a sick girl in a mountain village. The poet was so inspired by this story that the very next day he wrote it in poetic form. The story was published in the newspaper.

Viktor Mikhailovich Gusev did not serve in the army and did not fight in the war. He had he alth problems since childhood, so he was not even taken into the army. But in his poems, he wrote as if he personally fought. He conveyed his personal experiences so vividly.

It was precisely for this that Mayakovsky criticized him, who openly said that Gusev's poems were written under the impression of books about the war by foreign authors. Mayakovsky hinted that V. M. Gusev writes like a couch warrior.

Viktor Gusev did not take offense at Mayakovsky, but on the contrary, listened to his criticism and began to travel more to military units.

Poet, playwright, director V. M. Gusev died of hypertension on January 21, 1944. They buried him at the Novodevichy cemetery.

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