The deepest river in the world. The deepest river in Africa

The deepest river in the world. The deepest river in Africa
The deepest river in the world. The deepest river in Africa
Anonim

From the general list of reservoirs of impressive size, full-flowing ones are singled out, the correct use of which can solve a lot of modern problems of mankind. The elementary laws of physics suggest that the most full-flowing river can become the most efficient for obtaining energy. Where does it flow? Let's figure it out.

Which is the deepest river in the world

the deepest river

Let's define the term. "Full-flowing" means the volume of water that the river collects and pours into the world's oceans. It is clear that for the most part this indicator depends on the climatic conditions of the flow area. Where it often rains, there are many underground sources, of course, and the rivers do not grow shallow. Thus, the most full-flowing river on earth is the Amazon. It is believed that it carries a fifth of all fresh water into the ocean. Its share of the replenishment of the Atlantic Ocean is 7 thousand cubic meters per year. This is more than the average annual inflow of water by the Yenisei, Lena, Ob, Amur and Volga taken together. The most full-flowing river reaches a width of eighty kilometers at the source! But cataclysms also happen to her, which cannot but disturb advanced minds. In 2005 Amazonso shallow that it was possible to ford it. The water level has dropped fourteen meters. At that time, she could lose the status of the most full-flowing. Each continent is proud of its water-bearing miracle. No one in the world can compete with the Amazon in terms of the amount of water collected. There the climate allows such accumulation. But Africa has its record holder. Let's get to know him.

The deepest river in Africa

the deepest river on earth

On a continent where heat and lack of moisture are commonplace, there are high water levels. The longest life-giving artery of the continent is the Nile. Its length is almost seven thousand kilometers (6, 69, to be exact). And the deepest river is the Congo. It is not as long, but collects more volume. In addition, it is also the deepest. The greatest depth of water in its channel is 230 meters. This is more than in some seas. The most full-flowing river of this continent is also famous for the fact that it crosses the equator line twice (the only one in the world). It begins on the Shaba plateau, carries its waters for 4, 731 km and flows into the Atlantic. Notice how Amazon does. It turns out that this ocean is the most filled with fresh water.

Asia record holder

what is the deepest river in the world

Here the most full-flowing river is the Yangtze. Its length is 5797 km. It is slightly inferior to the previous giants in terms of the volume of water supplied, but is the most significant in Asia. It flows into the China Sea. This mega-supplier of fresh water to the world's oceans pours into it every yearabout a thousand cubic kilometers. At the same time, its source is located at an altitude of more than five km. Tibet feeds the great waters, slowly and majestically flowing to the sea through all of China.

The river is the pride of North America

the deepest river in the Congo

Mississippi is the rightful leader on this continent. Unlike the already mentioned high-water record holders, it flows out of the lake. The beginning of the river is Itasca - a reservoir located at a height of 450 meters. The mouth is located in the Gulf of Mexico. Please note: this is also the Atlantic! The Mississippi ranks tenth in the world's deep water rankings. Consumption - 16, 200 m³/s. Nevertheless, its fullness is due to a large number of tributaries, among which the Missouri stand out - in length, Ohio - in full flow. This system of reservoirs forms a gigantic basin, one of the largest in the world. The total length of the Jefferson-Missouri-Mississippi channels exceeds the largest indicator of a single river (6.3 thousand km).

Eurasia

Among the rivers of this continent, the Yenisei is full of water. The length of its channel is 4,506 thousand km. It flows into the Arctic Ocean. It differs in that, firstly, it has two sources (Biy-Khem and Ka-Khem), and secondly, it is the northernmost of the full-flowing rivers. Its shores are marked by serious asymmetry. On one side - mountains and taiga, on the other - plains. The Yenisei is fed mainly by snow. Their share is 50%. A third of the filling is supported by rains, the rest is tributaries. The total number of reservoirs that make up the hydrography of the Yenisei -324 984. A unique amount! Among them are 126,364 lakes. In winter, the infusion of fresh water by the Yenisei is hampered by freezing.

the deepest river in africa

The river is completely covered with ice. The runoff resumes in the spring, after a

ice drift, accompanied by traffic jams. It is necessary to say a few words about Ob and Lena. These rivers are among the ten longest: the Ob - 5567 km, the Lena - 4268. Since these reservoirs are located not only on the same continent, but also in the same zone (Eastern Siberia), we can say that this territory is the most prosperous drinking water. A figure very disturbing to the increasing humanity.

Other record holders

From the point of view of full flow and usefulness for the population, one cannot fail to mention several more rivers. The Mekong is the largest river in Indochina (length - 4023 km). It supplies drinking water to the population of several states. The Parana is a river that is rarely mentioned in connection with its useful use, its length is 4498 km. Gives life-giving moisture to the inhabitants of several countries located on the South American continent. These strategic water objects cannot compete with the deep water record holders, but they make up a fairly high percentage of the world's reserves. Orinoco is another longest river in South America. It cannot even closely compete with the deepest, but in moments of a sharp rise it sweeps away everything in its path, threatening the locals and demonstrating daily averages comparable to the Amazon.

Despite the fact that scientists have already recorded all indicatorsfull-flowing, determined the places of the rivers in terms of fullness and volume, everything can change dramatically. Even systems as stable as water arteries are sensitive to human activity. It just seems that nothing can be done with the huge masses of water. In fact, natural systems are fragile and require caring attitude. Otherwise, humanity may lose the most beautiful places on Earth that feed life. Such a turn of events, of course, will lead to the death of not only vast territories, but also everything that grows, moves, and multiplies there. What is natural we alth, the basis of human life!

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