The Central Economic Region of Russia with capital significance includes Moscow and 12 regions adjacent to the capital, including Moscow, Tula, Yaroslavl, Bryansk, Tver, Ivanovo, Ryazan, Oryol, Kostroma, Smolensk, Kaluga, Vladimir. On its territory of 486 thousand square meters. km with a favorable climate and highly developed industrial and social infrastructure, about 11% of the country's population is concentrated - this is about 30 million people. The population is engaged in economic activities at industrial facilities and in the agricultural sector, in the scientific and design sphere, in the system of public education and other non-productive sectors of the economy.
Historical and economic core of Russia
The Central Economic Region geographically and economically occupiesadvantageous position, which compensates for the lack of natural fuel and minerals on its territory. In this region, water and land routes intersect, which have long contributed to the convergence of Russian lands, the development of economic ties, and primarily trade relations. This area, located in the center of the European part, has been the historical core of Russia since the formation of the state, and to this day there is the center of the cultural, economic, political and administrative foundations of the Russian Federation.
Area of high economic potential
The Central Economic Region is the backbone of the country's economic progress. The area has a highly developed industrial potential, which does not lack electricity and fuel resources due to the developed electrical network and gas and oil pipelines. There are scientific, design and experimental bases here. A conveniently arranged radial-beam transport network of railways and highways, water and air routes is saturated with vehicles. The electrical network and pipelines connect the Central Region of Russia with other regions and regions of the country, with suppliers of raw materials for the production of various products at the enterprises of the region, and with consumers of these products located outside the region. In numerous cities, the work of social infrastructure and the non-productive sphere has been debugged. The construction industry is successfully developing here, which is facilitated by the local production of building materials. Importantthe fact that highly qualified personnel are concentrated in this area - a third of all scientific employees and a fourth of the number of engineering workers in Russia.
Mechanical engineering (automobiles, machine tools, devices) is the leading industry in the CER. The second place is occupied by the food industry, then the electric power industry, followed by the production of building materials, then (in descending order of the share of gross output) the chemical, petrochemical, light and fuel industries, the timber and pulp and paper industries. The list is completed by the porcelain and faience and glass industries.
The Central Black Earth region is known for its developed agriculture, represented mainly by vegetable growing, potato growing, poultry farming, dairy farming, growing fodder and grain crops.
Ahead of all
The cost of fixed assets of production facilities, the volume of gross industrial output, the number of highly qualified personnel of enterprises and institutions put the Central Economic Region ahead of the other 10 economic regions of Russia in these indicators. This is the area of the highest level of economic development, the largest cultural and scientific center of our country.