Where is the Kamchatka River? The Kamchatka River: description, source, mouth, nature, flora and fauna

Where is the Kamchatka River? The Kamchatka River: description, source, mouth, nature, flora and fauna
Where is the Kamchatka River? The Kamchatka River: description, source, mouth, nature, flora and fauna
Anonim

Many amazing things can be seen in these magnificent regions of Russia rich in various natural phenomena. This wonderful corner of the earth is called Kamchatka. A wide variety of landscapes, vegetation and the most amazing animals are concentrated here.

And about where the Kamchatka River is located, what are its features and what natural wonders it is rich in, you can find out in this article.

Location of the Kamchatka Peninsula, description

The peninsula is washed by the Sea of ​​Okhotsk from the west, the Bering Sea and the Pacific Ocean from the east.

Kamchatka river

Kamchatka is located on the border of the Eurasian continent and one of the greatest oceans of the planet. All this affects the formation of a diverse relief of the territory, climate and the distribution of the world of animals and vegetation. In this unique place, like in no other corner of Russia, the most amazing and striking natural phenomena are concentrated.

Here are ancient volcanoes (active and extinct), mineral hot and cold springs, water basins of glacial, tectonic and volcanic origin that are rare throughout the world. Among all such splendor, beautiful Kamchatka flows here.(river).

Description of the river: geographic location

Kamchatka is the largest river located on the peninsula of the same name. And it flows into the Bering Sea of ​​the Pacific Ocean through the Kamchatka Bay. The total length of the river is 758 kilometers, and its basin extends over a vast area of ​​55.9 thousand km².

Kamchatka River: description

Kamchatka is a river that is diverse in the relief of its channel. The course of the upper reaches has a faster mountainous character, in its channel there are a large number of riffles and rapids. In the central part, the river flows into the Central Kamchatka lowland and changes the nature of its course to a calmer one. Here the channel is quite winding and in some places it diverges into branches.

In the lower course, the river bends around Klyuchevskaya Sopka (massif) and turns east, where it intersects with the Kumroch ridge in the lower reaches.

At the very mouth of the river, a delta is formed, which consists of numerous channels. At the confluence of Kamchatka into the sea, it is connected by the Lake Channel with the largest lake on the island, Nerpichy Lake.

Throughout the course of the river there are many islands. For the most part, they are low, sandy, almost bare or slightly overgrown with tall grass or small willows.

The Kamchatka River is amazing and interesting. Description of all its unique natural attractions in one article is simply impossible.

Tributes, source, settlements

The river has several tributaries, both right and left. Among them are the largest: Kensol, Zhulanka, Andrianovka andKozyrevka - left; Urts, Kitilgina - right.

At the mouth of the river there is a settlement with the port of Ust-Kamchatsk. Also on the banks of the river are the small villages of Klyuchi and Milkovo.

Source of the Kamchatka River

Where is the source of the river? Kamchatka has two sources in total: the left one (Ozernaya Kamchatka), starting at the Sredinny Ridge; right (Right Kamchatka), located in the eastern ridge. They meet in the area of ​​the Ganal tundra and together form the beginning of a magnificent river.

Flora of Kamchatka

The vegetation of the entire peninsula was influenced by a number of factors, such as the geographical location of the territory, mountainous terrain (mainly), the impact of a humid climate due to the proximity of the ocean, the history of landscape formation, the strong impact of volcanism, etc.

Coniferous forests (larch and spruce) are widespread in the central part. Also birches and aspens grow here interspersed with them.

In Kamchatka, floodplain forests are the richest and most diverse in terms of vegetation. In them you can find hairy alder, fragrant poplar, willow, chosenia, etc.

Kamchatka is a river, the coastal part of which is replete with a wide variety of vegetation. The banks of the upper and middle reaches of the river are an excellent forest, represented by poplar, fir, larch, interspersed with willow, alder, hawthorn, and other vegetation. The lower bank of the river is already more swampy and covered with grass, small willows and horsetails.

River fauna

Kamchatka is a river,rich in rare and valuable species of fish. This is a spawning ground for many of the most magnificent breeds, including chum salmon, pink salmon and chinook (salmon). It takes place at the end of summer. Seals and beluga whales reach Lake Nerpichye and the mouth of the Kamchatka River from the ocean.

Fast river Kamchatka

In these places, both recreational and industrial fishing is carried out.

Aquatic life

The main vegetation of the bottom of the river and the sea are commercial algae of several species. Due to a sufficient number of stocks, specialized fishing is not carried out.

Birds and animals

The fauna of not only the territory of the river in question, but the entire Kamchatka Territory is exceptionally diverse.

Among the birds, of which there are a huge number (about two hundred and twenty species), there are gulls, cormorants, puffins, Pacific guillemot, guillemots, etc. You can also meet crows, magpies, wagtails, nutcrackers, partridges, etc.

The coastal fauna consists of: ermine, Kamchatka sable, otter, muskrat, hare, elk, reindeer, lynx, fox, snow sheep, wolverine, polar wolf, weasel and many others. etc. Of the largest forest animals of the forest zone, the famous Kamchatka brown bear can be noted.

Where is the Kamchatka River

In conclusion

In addition to all its natural magnificent landscapes, the territory of the Kamchatka River is also distinguished by the fact that the climate of its valley is the best on the entire peninsula and is the most suitable for agriculture, especially in the areas between the villages of Ushakovskoye andKirganovskoe.

The speed of this river is fast. Kamchatka is popular among numerous tourists and is widely used by them for hiking both water and foot coastal. There is something to see and remember forever.

Beautiful and magnificent Kamchatka. And to learn more about her, you must see her.

Itelmens (one of the indigenous peoples of Kamchatka) used to call the river "Uikoal", which means "Big River".

Popular topic