- Ivanovo cultural traditions
- Museum building
- History of collection formation
- Exposure characteristic
- Museum Morozov
- Museum Today
Ivanovo is a city built on two rivers - the Volga and the Klyazma. From ancient times, various crafts developed in it, but weaving prevailed. From the end of the 19th century, Ivanovo began to be called the "textile region" or "calico region", because textile production began to develop actively here. Gradually, Ivanovo textiles, especially chintz, became a global brand. Works of Ivanovo textiles are presented in the collection of the regional art museum.
Ivanovo cultural traditions
The cultural life of Ivanovo actively developed in the 19th century. In the 1870s, a theater appeared here, the Public Library opened, and a hospital was founded.
Despite the large number of attractions, they do not have a special attraction for tourists, so few guests come here.
In 1968, a building built in the late 19th century was allocated for the Ivanovo Art Museum. It was located on Sovetskaya Street at 29 andis the main building of the museum complex. Initially, it was supposed to be used for the activities of the Real Technical School, then - the School of Colorists.
Now the museum is located in the building of the former Real School. The amazingly beautiful staircase shown in the photo for the Ivanovo Regional Art Museum is one of the important historical interiors that keep the memory of this period.
The school building was built with money from charitable contributions from Ivanovo industrialists and merchants. The building of the Real School was built in the eclectic architectural style. Its walls are made of red brick and decorated with white decor. Its author was an architect from the city of Shuya VF Sikorsky. P.V. Troitsky helped him.
History of collection formation
The history of the Ivanovo Regional Art Museum began even before the revolution in 1914 thanks to the idea of a local collector D. G. Burylin, who gathered a collection of more than 700 exhibits. Its collection included objects of culture and art from the period of the Ancient World, the countries of the East, works of Western European fine art.
In the 20-30s. 20th century there was a replenishment of the collection from the funds of the Tretyakov Museum, the Russian Museum and the State Museum Fund, as well as numerous art exhibitions. The exposition was expanded by works of domestic, Western European art and avant-garde, the creations of masters Ivanov, including paintings by M. Pyrin and I.Nefedov, V. Fedorov and M. Malyutin, E. Gribova and A. Krotova and others.
Over time, the collection of the Ivanovo Regional Art Museum was replenished. The number of its exhibits exceeded 45 thousand.
Now the museum collection is housed in six buildings. All of them are scattered around the city and are receptacles of collections of various themes.
At the moment, the following sections of the exposition of the Ivanovo Regional Art Museum can be distinguished: Ancient Egypt and Antique culture, domestic cult painting, Russian fine art of the 18th-20th centuries, fine art of Ivanovo nuggets.
In the collection of the Ancient East, of particular interest are objects of the cult of the ancient Egyptians associated with the rites of mummification and burial, pottery and vase painting of Ancient Greece, Roman funerary sculpture and architecture, as well as unique fragments of Pompeian frescoes.
I would especially like to note the exposition of the Lukutil craft, which is a unique painting on lacquer. They are considered masterpieces of decorative and applied art of Ivanovo. Master I. Golikov is considered the founder of the craft. But the museum also houses the works of his followers.
Separately, two branches of the Ivanovo Art Museum can be distinguished: A. Morozov and B. Prorokov.
Morozov Alexander Ivanovich - People's Artist of Russia, a native of the village of Votola, Ivanovo region. The beginning of his work is connected with the city of Ivanovo. After his death, all his creative works, documents and personal belongings, a collection of texts and videos, a photo collection, stage costumes, and musical instruments were bequeathed to the Ivanovo Regional Art Museum. It also contains personal memories of the artist in the form of notes and letters.
For the future receptacle of his works, the artist personally chose a house on Lenin Avenue, 33. This building is historical. It was erected back in 1910 for an engineer and technician from Austria, Ludwig Auer. The structure is a log cabin covered with tiles. The windows are covered with shutters, which are perhaps the only decoration of the facade.
Now the museum not only exhibits unique antiques and the finest works of fine art, but is an important cultural and educational center of the city.
The museum has a children's art studio, an exhibition hall, a vocal studio. The exhibition hall hosts exhibitions of children's creativity and creations of Ivanovo masters. The works of children exhibited in the Ivanovo Regional Art Museum are invariably a huge success.
For residents who are fond of history and science, the museum has an archive and a scientific library. There are also restoration workshops,helping to keep unique monuments of art and culture in good condition.