Industry of Nizhny Novgorod: structure and manufacturing companies

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Industry of Nizhny Novgorod: structure and manufacturing companies
Industry of Nizhny Novgorod: structure and manufacturing companies

Nizhny Novgorod is one of the major cities in the central part of European Russia. It is the administrative center of the Nizhny Novgorod Region and the Volga Federal District. This is one of the oldest cities in the country. It is located at the confluence of the Volga and Oka rivers. In the Soviet period it was called Gorky.

Nizhny Novgorod is located to the east of Moscow. The population is 1.26 million people. and the city ranks fifth in the country for this indicator. It also forms the Nizhny Novgorod agglomeration with a population of 2.09 million people. The area of Nizhny Novgorod is 411-467 km2.

Nizhny Novgorod
Nizhny Novgorod

The city is an important industrial, cultural, transport and economic center of Russia. River tourism, scientific and educational activities are also developed here. There are many attractions associated with the long history of this city. The industry of Nizhny Novgorod is highly developed.

Natural conditions

The climate in Nizhny Novgorod is temperate continental, a little harsher,than in Moscow. Winters are quite cold and long, while summers are short and warm. Rainfall is moderate. In different parts of the city, temperatures and precipitation are not the same. The average annual air temperature is +4.8 degrees.

Economy of Nizhny Novgorod

Since Soviet times, the city has been developing as a major industrial center. One of the largest plants in the country, the Gorky Automobile Plant, is located here. Trade is traditionally developed. In terms of living standards, the city is in first place in Russia (in 2019). When determining it, various indicators were taken into account, including qualitative ones, so the estimates are rather subjective. In this regard, it is not surprising that, according to another organization, it did not even enter the top ten cities in the country.

Industry of Nizhny Novgorod

This is one of the main industrial centers of the country. The most important areas of production activity are metalworking and mechanical engineering. Automotive and shipbuilding are the most developed. The production of weapons has also been adjusted. Commercial enterprises play a significant role.

plant in nizhny novgorod
plant in nizhny novgorod

Industries of Nizhny Novgorod

The most developed areas of industrial production are:

  • Metalworking and mechanical engineering. Various enterprises of the city are involved in this area.
  • Energy industry.
  • Food and light industry: champagne factory, dairy and meat plants, brewery, garment and shoe factories.
  • Forest and agriculturalindustry (mainly logging and beekeeping).
  • Chemical industry (production of plastics, resins, pesticides, etc.).
  • Construction industry (production of reinforced concrete, glass, asph alt).

The functioning of the industry is controlled by the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Entrepreneurship of the Nizhny Novgorod Region.

nizhny novgorod chemical industry
nizhny novgorod chemical industry

Most important businesses in the city

The chemical industry of Nizhny Novgorod is represented by two large enterprises:

  • Zavod "Nizhpharm" is one of the most famous manufacturers of pharmaceutical products in Russia.
  • JSC "Orgsintez" is one of the most significant enterprises in the forestry and chemical industry of the country.

A lot of enterprises are involved in mechanical engineering. Among the largest:

  • Gorky Automobile Plant. It was founded at the dawn of the Soviet era. Half of all trucks and 5 percent of passenger cars produced in the country are produced here. In addition, armored personnel carriers are produced.
  • Nizhny Novgorod Engineering Plant. Produces artillery, equipment for the country's nuclear facilities.
  • PJSC "Krasnoye Sormovo" - release of ships.
  • NPO "Salyut" - production of radio-electronic products.
  • JSC "Sokol" - release of civil and military aviation, including hovercraft.
  • JSC "Hydromash" - production of hydraulic products and landing gear for aviation.
  • JSC "Krasnaya Etna" - the largest manufacturer in the countrybolts, screws, autonormals.
  • Nitel enterprise - manufacture of electronic equipment, including radar.
  • ZAO RUMO is one of the country's most important manufacturers of compressors for gas pipelines and marine diesel engines. In addition, it produces refrigeration equipment, boilers, pumps.
  • CJSC "Termal" - produces heaters for household appliances, ship and railway equipment.

Also in the city there are many enterprises for the production of building materials, a meat processing plant, a sausage factory, an oil and fat plant, woodworking enterprises and others. The food industry in Nizhny Novgorod is well developed.

Nizhny Novgorod industry
Nizhny Novgorod industry


The main energy enterprises are Avtozavodskaya CHPP, Nizhegorodskaya HPP, Sormovskaya CHPP. At the same time, there is a shortage of electricity in the region.


Thus, the industry of Nizhny Novgorod is very developed and represented by different sectors. Mechanical engineering is of particular importance. Many large enterprises are concentrated in the city. All this leads to good economic performance and is reflected in the standard of living of the population.