How, where and why is International Gypsy Day celebrated?

How, where and why is International Gypsy Day celebrated?
How, where and why is International Gypsy Day celebrated?
Anonim

Perhaps there is no people more freedom-loving and cheerful than the gypsies. This is a nomadic people with their own, not like everyone else, rules and laws. Pushkin in his poem "Gypsies" revealed the essence and customs of these bright and free people.

Everyone has a different attitude towards this nation, unfortunately, in any herd there is a sheep that spoils everything, so do the gypsies. The word "gypsies" most often evokes such associations: these are people who do not work, do not want to study and try to live at the expense of others. In this article, we will show you real gypsies who do not fall into this category of unemployed people at all. We will tell you about an unusual holiday - International Gypsy Day.

International Roma Day

When was the decision made to celebrate the holiday of the Gypsy people?

When is International Gypsy Day celebrated? It has been celebrated annually on April 8 since 1971. Want to know why?

April 8, 1971 in London the first World Roma Congress,which brought together representatives from more than 30 states, approved the celebration of this day. This is due to the fact that the Roma are one of the few non-territorial nations.

Gypsies have their own anthem and flag. Their flag symbolizes their essence - love of freedom. It is a panel divided into two parts: the lower part is green, which symbolizes greenery, grass, the upper part of the blue sky is a symbol of the high blue sky. There is also a red wheel in the middle of the canvas. It refers to the nomadic life of the Gypsies.

Where is celebrated

Gypsies are a free people, so it is not surprising that representatives of this nation can be found on every continent. Most Gypsies live in countries such as the Russian Federation, Hungary, Slovakia, Romania, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Spain, Portugal, Turkey, Germany, Italy, France, Iran, Ukraine, Canada, USA, UK, Croatia, Slovenia, Afghanistan, Albania, Poland, Uzbekistan, Moldova and many others.

When is International Gypsy Day celebrated?

How is the gypsy holiday?

Gypsies are noisy and cheerful people, so their day does not pass without fun. On this day, representatives of the gypsy nation set up street tents, where they reveal their traditions and customs to everyone, talk about their music, their dances and cuisine. Of course, all the stories are not just words, on this day everyone can plunge into the gypsy life, getting small lessons in music and dancing, and then trying the extraordinary gypsy cuisine. The main topic of discussion for the day isGypsy minority issue.

In Russia, the gypsies have a tradition dedicated to the gypsies who fell on the battlefield during the Great Patriotic War. Celebrants float wreaths on the river, remembering the dead.

Library exhibitions dedicated to Romani culture

In the libraries of those countries where Roma Day is celebrated, exhibitions dedicated to this day are held. Library exhibitions for the International Roma Day tell about the culture, history and characteristics of the Roma nation.

There are many legends about the appearance of gypsies, all of them have one thing in common - God loved this hot people so much and decided that they should not live in one place, their calling is to bring joy to the whole world, therefore the gypsies roam for many many years.

Library exhibitions show the whole history of the Roma: where they live, what they do, what is the priority of their life. These exhibitions prove that among the Roma there are many scientists, doctors, writers, actors, directors, sportsmen who are proud of the nation. In libraries, you can also get acquainted with literary works about gypsies, for example:

  • "Makar Chudra" by M. Gorky;
  • "Meridon" F. Gregory;
  • "Notre Dame Cathedral" by V. Hugo;
  • "Gypsies" E. A. Druts;
  • "Gypsy" by A. V. Kalinin;
  • "Slimming" S. King;
  • "Carmen" P. Merimee;
  • "Gypsies" by A. S. Pushkin;
  • "Gypsy" by D. I. Rubina;
  • "Gypsy novel" V.N. Tikhvinsky and many others.

Onexhibitions often feature reproductions of paintings depicting gypsies. The gypsy nation was depicted in paintings by Salvador Dali, Vereshchagin, Petrov-Vodkin.

Gypsy fortune-tellers, divination, and hypnosis are also talked about at exhibitions in libraries dedicated to International Gypsy Day.

Exhibitions in the library dedicated to the International Roma Day

Interesting facts about the life of gypsies

Freedom-loving people have their own values, and the most important thing for them is family and belonging to the gypsy nation. There is nothing more shameful and terrible for a gypsy if his people disown him, and he can renounce because of crimes such as murder or theft.

Gypsies believe in God and honor religious holidays. True, not all of them profess the same religion. Gypsies are found among both Christians and Muslims. This is due to the territory in which they live.

Library exhibitions for the International Roma Day

Gypsy outfits are of interest. They love everything expensive, lush, shiny, golden. As the gypsies themselves explain, this is also due to their nomadic lifestyle, they do not need to spend money on a house and decoration in it, so they buy clothes and jewelry. Jewelry is worn all at once, so as not to lose it.

Traditional gypsy cuisine is special. The national dish is hare and ezhatin.

The houses of settled gypsies are also huge and lush. Gypsies love brightness and luxury in everything, every holiday they have is pompous, pretentious and fun. International Roma Day is an important date for them, so they do not celebrate itskip.

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