Wild tribes of the world: features of life, rituals and traditions

Wild tribes of the world: features of life, rituals and traditions
Wild tribes of the world: features of life, rituals and traditions
Anonim

These people do not know what electricity is and how to drive cars, they live as their ancestors lived for centuries, hunting for food and fishing. They cannot read and write, and they can die from a common cold or a scratch. All this is about wild tribes that still exist on our planet.

There are not many such communities closed from civilization, they live mainly in warm countries, in Africa, South America, Asia and Australia. To date, it is believed that no more than 100 such tribes have survived on the entire planet. Sometimes it is almost impossible to study their life and culture, because they live too isolated and do not want to have contacts with the outside world, or their immune system is not ready to “meet” with modern bacteria, and any disease that a modern person may not even notice, for a savage will be fatal. Unfortunately, civilization is still “advancing”, uncontrolled cutting down of trees is carried out almost everywhere, people are still developing new lands, and wild tribes are forced to leave their lands, and sometimes even go to the “big” world.

Papuans

This people lives in New Guinea, is found in Melanesia, on the islands of Halmahera, Timor and Alor.

In terms of anthropogenic appearance, the Papuans are closest to the Melanesians, but with a completely different language and culture. Some tribes speak completely different languages ​​that are not even related. Today, their national language is Tok Pisin Creole.

In total, there are approximately 3.7 million Papuans, with some wild tribes numbering no more than 100 people. Among them there are many nationalities: Bonkins, Gimbu, Ekari, Chimbu and others. It is believed that these people inhabited Oceania 20-25 thousand years ago.

In every community there is a community house called a buambramba. This is a kind of cultural and spiritual center of the entire village. In some villages you can see a huge house in which everyone lives together, its length can reach 200 meters.

The Papuans are farmers, the main crops grown are taro, banana, yam and coconut. The harvest must be stored on the vine, that is, it is collected only for eating. Savages also breed pigs and hunt.

Papuan children

Pygmies

These are the wild tribes of Africa. Even the ancient Egyptians knew about their existence. They are mentioned by Homer and Herodotus. However, the first time it was possible to confirm the existence of pygmies only in the 19th century, when they were discovered in the basin of the Uzle and Ituri rivers. To date, the existence of these people is known in Rwanda, the Central African Republic, inCameroon, Zaire and in the forests of Gabon. You can even meet pygmies in South Asia, the Philippines, Thailand and Malaysia.

A distinctive feature of the pygmies is their short stature, from 144 to 150 centimeters. Their hair is curly and their skin is light brown. The body is usually quite large, and the legs and arms are short. Pygmies are isolated into a separate race. These peoples have not identified a special language, they communicate in those dialects whose peoples live nearby: Asua, Kimbouti and others.

Another feature of this people is a short life path. In some settlements, people live only up to 16 years. Girls give birth when they are still very young. In other settlements, women have been found who go through menopause as early as 28 years old. A meager diet endangers their he alth, pygmies die even from chickenpox and measles.

To date, the total number of these people has not been established, according to some estimates, there are about 40 thousand of them, according to others - 200.

For a long time, the pygmies did not even know how to make fire, they carried the hearth with them. They are engaged in gathering and hunting.

Pygmy girl

Bushmen

These wild tribes live in Namibia, they are also found in Angola, South Africa and Botswana, Tanzania.

These people belong to the capoid race, with lighter skin than blacks. The language has many clicking sounds.

The Bushmen lead an almost vagabond life, constantly half-starved. The system of building a society does not imply the presence of leaders, but there are elders who are chosen among the mostsmart and authoritative personalities of the community. This people does not have a cult of ancestors, but they are very afraid of the dead, so they conduct a unique burial ceremony. The diet contains ant larvae, the so-called "Bushman rice".

Today, most Bushmen work on farms and have little adherence to the old way of life.

Zulu

These are the wild tribes of Africa (southern part). It is believed that there are about 10 million Zulus. They speak Zulu, the most widely spoken language in South Africa.

Many representatives of this nationality have become adherents of Christianity, but many keep their own faith. According to the canons of the Zulu religion, death is the result of witchcraft, and all life on the planet was created by the creator. This people has preserved many traditions, in particular, believers can perform the ritual of ablution about 3 times a day.

The Zulus are quite organized, they even have a king, today it is Goodwill Zvelantini. Each tribe is made up of clans, which include even smaller communities. Each of them has its own leader, and in the family this role is played by the husband.

The most expensive rite of the wild tribes is marriage. To take a wife, a man will have to give her parents 100 kilograms of sugar, corn and 11 cows each. For such gifts, you can rent an apartment in the suburbs of Durban, with a gorgeous view of the ocean. Therefore, there are a lot of bachelors in the tribes.

Zulu settlement

Korovai

Perhaps this is the most brutal tribe in the whole world. Find this peoplesucceeded only in the 90s of the last century.

The life of the wild tribe is very harsh, they still use the teeth and tusks of animals as weapons and tools. These people pierce their ears and noses with the teeth of predators and live in the impenetrable forests of Papua New Guinea. They sleep in trees, in huts, very similar to those that many built in childhood. And the forests here are so dense and impenetrable that the neighboring villages do not even know about another settlement located a few kilometers away.

A pig is considered a holy animal, the meat of which is eaten by cows only after the boar has grown old. The animal is used as a riding pony. Often a piglet is taken from its mother and raised from childhood.

Women of the wild tribe are common, but sexual intercourse occurs only once a year, on the other 364 days it is not allowed to touch them.

The cult of the warrior flourishes among the Korowai. This is a very hardy people, for several days in a row they can only eat larvae and worms. It is believed that they are cannibals, and the first travelers who managed to reach the settlement were simply eaten.

Now that Korowai have learned about the existence of another society, they do not seek to leave the forests, and everyone who gets here tells a legend that if they deviate from their traditions, there will be a terrible earthquake and the whole planet will die. Korovaya scare away uninvited guests with stories about their bloodthirstiness, although so far there has been no evidence of this.

Masai

These are the real noble warriors of the African continent. Engaged in cattle breeding, but neverdo not steal living creatures from neighbors and lower tribes. These people are able to protect themselves from lions and European conquerors, although in the 21st century too much pressure of civilization, which is increasingly advancing, has led to the fact that the tribes are rapidly decreasing in number. Now children have been grazing livestock almost from the age of 3, the women are responsible for the entire household, and the remaining men mostly rest or fight back intruders.

It is the tradition of this people to pull off the earlobes and insert rounded objects the size of a good saucer into the lower lip.

Maasai tribe

Maori

The most bloodthirsty tribes in New Zealand and the Cook Islands. In these places, the Maori are the indigenous population.

These people are cannibals who terrified more than one traveler. The path of development of Maori society went in a different direction - from man to animal. Tribes have always settled down on areas protected by nature itself, additionally carrying out fortification works, creating multi-meter ditches and installing a palisade, on which the dried heads of enemies necessarily flaunted. They are cooked carefully, cleaned of the brain, strengthen the nasal and eye sockets and bulges with special boards and smoked over low heat for about 30 hours.

Maori tribe

Wild tribes of Australia

In this country, a fairly large number of tribes have survived, living far from civilization and having interesting customs. For example, the men of the Arunta tribe show respect for each other in an interesting way by giving theirwife to a friend for a short time. If the gifted man refuses, then enmity begins between families.

And in one of the tribes of Australia in childhood, boys are cut in the foreskin and pull out the urinary canal, thus getting two genitals.

australian tribes

Amazon Indians

According to conservative estimates, about 50 different wild Indian tribes live in the rainforests.

Pirahue. This is one of the most underdeveloped nations on the planet. There are about 200 people in the settlement, they live in the Brazilian jungle. Aboriginal people use the most primitive language on the planet, they have no history and myths, they don't even have a number system.

Pirahús don't have the right to tell stories that didn't happen to them. You can not enter new words and heard from other people. The language does not designate animals and vegetation, flowers.

This people has never been seen in aggression, lives in trees, in huts. Often act as guides, but do not accept any items of civilization.

amazon indian

Kayapo tribe. This is one of the wild tribes of the world, which lives in the eastern part of the river basin. Their number is about 3 thousand people. They firmly believe that they are controlled by a man who descended from heaven. Some of the kayapo's household items really resemble astronauts' spacesuits. Despite the fact that the whole village walks around in the nude, yet the god appears in a robe and even with a headdress.

Korubo. This people is perhaps the mostunexplored of all the tribes of the world who live remotely from civilization. All residents are quite aggressive towards any guests. They are engaged in gathering and hunting, often attacking neighboring tribes. Even women take part in the battles. A distinctive feature of this tribe is that they do not decorate themselves and do not make tattoos, unlike most of the natives.

The life of wild tribes is quite harsh. If a child is born with a cleft palate, then he is immediately killed, and this happens quite often. A child is often killed even after he has grown up, if he suddenly gets sick.

The tribe lives in long rooms characteristic of the Indians with several entrances. Several families live in such houses at once. Men of this tribe can have multiple wives.

The most basic problem of all savage tribes is the inexorable expansion of the habitats of civilized man. It is a huge risk that these almost primitive people will soon disappear, unable to withstand the onslaught of the modern world.

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