- Purposes of Creation
- Landscape reserves
- Recreational sanctuaries
- Biological reserves
- Hydrological reserves
- Paleontological reserves
- Geological reserves
- Permanent and temporary reserves
A sanctuary is an area that has been allocated to restore or preserve wildlife and maintain an ecological balance. They are organized in those places and when there is no need to withdraw the entire natural complex from economic use, and to ensure the safety of fauna and flora, it is enough to limit the use of individual resources.
Purposes of Creation
The sanctuary is a zone that is protected by the state. The main goals of creation are:
- Protection of natural complexes and preservation of their original form.
- Preserving the ecological balance and natural resources.
Depending on the destination, there are different types of reserves. They can be recreational, landscape, geological, biological, hydrological and others. What is the meaning of the word "customer"? According to the explanatory dictionary of Efremova, it means an area within which certain or all types of flora, fauna and other objects are under state protection.
Landscape reserve –it is a protected zone, which is created for the restoration or preservation of especially valuable or reference natural complexes and landscapes. In terms of goals and objectives, as well as their legal status, they are similar to nature reserves. However, there are also differences. The reserve is not a closed area. There are no strict restrictions on the presence of people and their use of the resources of the territory.
A recreational reserve is a territory that, in its regime, is very close to national parks. The main differences between them are in tasks and area. Recreational reserves, as a rule, do not occupy large areas. They are a place for tourism and recreation.
The biological reserve is created to preserve or restore exclusively the animal and plant world, endangered and simply rare fauna and flora. Often such territories are created for scientific purposes. These include hunting reserves.
This type forms a large group. These are river, swamp, lake and other reserves. They are created in order to preserve the natural state of unique natural complexes and water bodies, as well as swamps. In these territories, it is forbidden to extract minerals and carry out other types of work that may affect the hydrological regime.
This type is created in order to preserve and protect from vandals the places where fossils of fossil flora and fauna were found,as well as other similar objects of great scientific importance.
These protected areas are created in order to preserve valuable complexes and objects of inanimate nature. These can be unique landforms, deposits of rare minerals, as well as other geological formations.
Permanent and temporary reserves
There are two types of reserves. Some are permanent, while others are temporary. Depending on the scientific and ecological value, these protected areas may have different state administration statuses. As a rule, these are reserves of local and republican significance. The main difference between these formations and reserves is that the territory is not subject to withdrawal from the former land users. It is only indicated by information and warning labels-signs that show its boundaries. In such a territory, plowing, grazing, reclamation, the use of chemicals and other activities that are incompatible with the tasks of the reserve may be prohibited.