Dmitry Yazov is the last Soviet marshal. Yazov Dmitry Timofeevich: biography, awards and achievements

Dmitry Yazov is the last Soviet marshal. Yazov Dmitry Timofeevich: biography, awards and achievements
Dmitry Yazov is the last Soviet marshal. Yazov Dmitry Timofeevich: biography, awards and achievements
Anonim

Dmitry Yazov is the last Marshal of the Soviet Union (by the date this title was awarded). Dmitry Timofeevich received it in the ninetieth year. Yazov is a political and military Soviet leader, the penultimate minister of defense of the USSR. This is the only Marshal of the Soviet Union who did not receive the title of Hero of the USSR. He was a member of the GKChP organization, represented the military leadership, went through the entire war with Nazi Germany, was seriously wounded at the front.

Family

Yazov Dmitry Timofeevich, whose biography is amazing and full of many events, was born on November 8, 1924 in the village of Yazovo, Omsk region. The village got its name from the surname of the inhabitants who founded it back in the time of Ivan the Terrible.

The family of Dmitry Timofeevich moved to this place on the shore of Swan Lake from Veliky Ustyug. His father is Timofei Yakovlevich, and his mother is Maria Fedoseevna. Both of them were simple peasants. Dmitry was always proud that he came from the common people. His parents were very hardworking. They instilled this qualitysince childhood and Dmitry.

Dmitry Yazov

His father died early, in the thirty-fourth year. At that time, Dmitry was not yet ten years old. As a result, Maria Fedoseevna was left alone with four children, to which was added the family of her deceased sister. She had to feed a whole horde of children. Dmitry's stepfather was the ex-husband (widower) of his own aunt, Fyodor Nikitich.

Young years: study

Yazov Dmitry Timofeevich, whose biography of the war years begins at a young age, could not finish school until the end. It only took a couple of years. The Great Patriotic War began. Many guys rushed to the military enlistment office to sign up as volunteers. Some were refused because they were still underage teenagers. Dmitry was more fortunate, although at that time he was also not yet seventeen years old.

In order not to be refused, he indicated that he was a year older. At that time, not everyone had passports. And there was no time to check in the military registration and enlistment office. He was sent to study in Novosibirsk. There he entered the school. Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR. Before the evacuation, which took place during the war, it was in Moscow.

Cadet years

The teachers at the school were front-line soldiers who were discharged from hospitals after severe injuries. They were engaged in the first military training of young guys. Dmitry forever remembered the cadet years. They got up very early, at six in the morning. First, there was the usual mandatory exercise, and then until the evening - exhausting combat training.

Yazov Dmitry Timofeevich

In winter frosts reachedup to forty degrees, but the cadets steadfastly endured them. Already at the school, Dmitry Yazov learned that his stepfather had gone to the front, and his mother was left at home alone with seven small children, and three sisters were mobilized to work at military stud farms.

When the cadets were sent to the front, their studies continued on the train, in wagons. These became temporary classrooms where the guys studied rifles, machine guns and other weapons.

Dmitry gets to the front

In January, a difficult year for the country, forty-second, Dmitry was sent to the front. First, the train arrived in Moscow. For some time the children completed their education in Solnechnogorsk. Then they were sent to different "hot spots". Dmitry arrived at the Volkhov Front already as a lieutenant, although he was not even eighteen years old at that time.

First Wound

First, Dmitry Yazov was sent to the 177th Rifle Division. In August of the forty-second year, she participated in the battle on the Karelian Isthmus. There, Dmitry received his first wound, and a very serious one. Doctors diagnosed a severe concussion.

Yazov Dmitry Timofeevich biography

Return to the front

Dmitry Timofeevich returned after being wounded to the front only in October of the forty-second year. The command sent him to the 483rd Infantry Regiment. In January 1943 Dmitry was wounded for the second time. But since the wound was light, they simply put a bandage on him in the medical unit, and he continued the fight. After this battle, Dmitry Timofeevich was elevated to the rank of senior lieutenant. In March 1943, he went to Borovichi for advanced military training courses.command personnel.

War Years

Dmitry Yazov, whose biography is connected with a military career, has been in many battles. He participated in the defense of Leningrad, in offensive battles in the B altic states, the blockade of the Kurland German group and many other military operations.

Post-war years

Dmitry Timofeevich heard the news about the victory in the war of the Soviet troops when he was near Riga, in Mitava. At the end of the forty-fifth year, he received a vacation and, finally, was able to leave for his native village - to visit his relatives. From the Yazov dynasty, thirty-four people died in total in all families. Life in the first years after the war was very difficult - the ruined country had to be rebuilt. Dmitry helped his family and relatives as much as he could.

Dmitry Yazov biography

Continuation of studies and military career in the post-war years

Yazov Dmitry Timofeevich did not stop there and in 1953 he entered the Frunze Military Academy. Moreover, he studied "excellently" and graduated in 1956 with a gold medal. As a result, he was asked to choose a place of service. So Dmitry Timofeevich ended up in the 63rd Krasnoselskaya Rifle Division.

After a while, he became the commander of the 400th motorized rifle regiment. In 1962-1963, this military unit was in Cuba. At this time, Dmitry Timofeevich was promoted to colonel. Before returning to his homeland, he received a certificate of gratitude for his service personally from Fidel Castro.

After Cuba, Dmitry Yazov left for Leningrad, where he was soon appointedto the position of deputy head of the combat training department. In the sixty-eighth year, he graduated from the Military Academy of the General Staff. Then, at short intervals, he received a promotion. First, in 1968, he was promoted to major general. And in 1967-1971. already commanded a motorized rifle division.

biography of Dmitry Yazov

In the seventy-second year, Dmitry Timofeevich was awarded the rank of lieutenant general, and in 1971-1973. he commanded the corps. And in 1974-1976. - was the head of the 1st department in the Main Directorate of the USSR Ministry of Defense. In 1976-1979. Dmitry became the 1st deputy commander of the Far Eastern Military District. And in 1979-1980. – Commander of the Central Military Group.

In 1980-1984 Yazov was appointed to lead the Central Asian military district. Then, until the eighty-seventh year, he headed the Far Eastern Military District. After that, Yazov Dmitry Timofeevich served as Minister of Defense of the USSR. He became a marshal only in April 1990. This title was awarded to him personally by Gorbachev. This was the last time in the history of the USSR. Moreover, Dmitry was the only marshal of all previously appointed who was born in Siberia.

Suspension

Dmitry Yazov, Marshal of the Soviet Union, was removed from this position due to the failure of the State Emergency Committee. He was always a conservative, and did not gain popularity among the supporters of perestroika. Yazov joined the coup d'état. On his orders, tanks and heavy artillery were brought into Moscow. Planned assault on the White House.

But Yazov became convinced that the coup was ultimately doomed to failure, and went to meet withGorbachev in Foros. In August of the ninety-first year, Dmitry Timofeevich was arrested at the airport as a member of the State Emergency Committee. Immediately after returning from Foros, he was sent to prison ("Matrosskaya Tishina"), where he remained until the ninety-fourth year.

Dmitry Yazov Marshal of the Soviet Union

In the same year, all members of the organization who were in custody were released under an amnesty, including Dmitry Yazov (retired Marshal). But the negative events did not break him.

Active in retirement

The biography of Dmitry Yazov is replete with further vigorous activity, even despite his resignation. He was an adviser to the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation. Led the Committee named after Marshal Zhukov. Yazov is currently a consultant to the head of the Military Memorial Center of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. Constantly conducts performances in front of cadets and students of military educational institutions. Dmitry Timofeevich actively communicates with veterans of the Great Patriotic War and takes all possible part in the public life of Russians.

Private life

When Dmitry Timofeevich went to military courses in Borovichi, he met a girl there, Ekaterina Fedorovna Zhuravleva. They corresponded and talked for more than three years. Then Dmitry proposed to her, and Catherine became his first wife. From this marriage in 1950 they had a son, and three years after him, a daughter.

dmitry yazov last marshal of the soviet union

The second time Yazov married Emma Evgenievna, with whom he lives to this day. From this marriageDmitry Timofeevich had two more children. Today he is already a happy grandfather with seven grandchildren.

Awards and achievements

Under the Soviet Union, Dmitry Yazov was awarded the following orders: Lenin (twice), the October Revolution, the Red Banner, the Second World War (1st degree), the Red Star, For Service to the Motherland in the Armed Forces (3rd degree). Received nineteen medals.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, already in the new Russia, Dmitry Timofeevich was awarded the orders: For Merit to the Fatherland, Alexander Nevsky, Honor, Holy Prince of the Don (2nd degree). From foreign states he received the following orders: Honor, Che Guevara, Scharnhorst, Red Banner, For Distinction (1st degree) and several medals.

Popular topic