From the general characteristics of the non-classical theory of knowledge, you must remember the list of views on the philosophical aspect of the possibility of knowing the world. Optimism is a philosophical position that recognizes human knowledge of the world, skepticism is a philosophical position that raises doubts about achieving absolute knowledge. Agnosticism is a position that denies the possibility of knowledge.
Let's take a closer look at what agnosticism is, who are agnostics and why they deny the possibility of knowing the world.
According to classical sources, this term is deciphered as follows:
Agnosticism is a term in philosophy, theory of knowledge and theology. Proponents of agnosticism consider it fundamentally impossible to cognize objective reality through subjective experience and impossible to cognize any ultimate and absolute foundations of reality.
The word "agnosticism" in ancient Greek means "unknowable", that is, the term means that the world around us cannot be known using only subjective perception - this is vision, hearing, analysis of the information received, because perception by ears, eyes and brain can distort reality.
Does this direction, which denies the possibility of knowing the world, still seem incomprehensible? Then let's figure it out.
Agnostics - who are they?
Any person from your environment, and maybe you yourself can turn out to be an adherent of an agnostic view of the knowledge of the world. This is not affected by religion or politics.
People strive to know the truth, get to the bottom of the truth, to the very essence, using all available means. In order for a belief to become true, it must be proved, and therefore evidence is needed. And if it can neither be refuted nor proved, then there can be no question of further judgments, because both the first and the second side may turn out to be true. There are many such examples, so they deny the possibility of knowing the world.
For example, God. Does it exist? This is neither proven nor disproved. An agnostic does not seek to follow the opinion of the majority, he is ready to talk about the existence of God, having only good reasons.
At the same time, agnostics are neither believers nor pure atheists. They are something in between and are of the opinion that a person cannot know the whole world due to his limitations and subjectivity, because it is far from a fact that the picture that is given to you inthe brain is your eyes, that's what it really is.
By definition, any system cannot comprehend itself. What can be said then about the divine or true nature of things that man is trying to know and explain. Therefore, agnostics, not believing in God, do not refute the possibility of his existence, because neither one nor the other has been proven. Agree, it's stupid to argue about something you can't understand.
It's not a religion, it's a worldview. It can be called faith in science and knowledge. Only that which can be explained, proved and substantiated is real. According to agnostics, it's a waste of time to talk about:
- Ghosts and the underworld.
- Relocation of souls.
Of course, we can philosophize on these topics, but the follower of agnosticism trusts only scientific, substantiated facts, research and experiments, leaving aside pseudo-scientific formats.
Agnostics do not like to prove and challenge and expect the same from others. This is who the agnostics are and why they deny the possibility of knowing the world.