- Mordechai Levi. Who is this?
- What is the mystery?
- First student years
- University of Berlin
- The last days of the leader
Multi-kilogram "Capital", subverting private property and explaining the principles of communism, young members of the Komsomol responsibly crammed not so long ago. Now this work is one of the terrible dreams of unfortunate students who are forced to pore day and night over its pages and comprehend the essence of communist doctrine. And all this despite the fact that more than a century and a half have passed since the creation of Capital! But what if we tell you the true name of the creator of this great work?
Mordechai Levi. Who is this?
Everyone knows that the creator of "Capital" is the German thinker Karl Marx. But few people know the true biography of this German philosopher of Jewish origin.
Marx's life was actually full of scandalous incidents and events, sometimes so unusual that they would have been enough to write more than one book. Without going into lengthy stories, let's focus on just one such fact.
What is the mystery?
As you may have guessed, Karl Marx and Mordechai Levi are the same namehuman.
The father of communism was born in the city of Trier in May 1818. At birth, he received the name Moses Mordechai Levi. The boy grew up in the family of the hereditary Rabbi Hirshel Levi Mordechai Marx. Soon after moving to Germany, wanting to provide his children and wife with a decent existence, Marx Sr. abandoned Judaism in favor of Lutheranism and took the name Heinrich. However, his mother, later the grandmother of Mordechai Levi, being a very religious woman, was against her son's decision and for a long time did not allow her grandchildren to be baptized, of which there were nine in all (Karl was the third oldest child in the family).
As it turned out later, Heinrich Marx's decision was justified and played a significant role in shaping his son's ideas set forth in Capital.
First student years
Young Marx grew up, and at the same time his father's career also developed. Very quickly, Heinrich Marx became one of the richest residents of the city. The adoption of Lutheranism allowed him to build a brilliant career as a lawyer, which means providing children with the opportunity to study at the best universities in Germany.
By the time Heinrich Marx assumed the honorary position of chairman of the Trier bar, Mordechai Levi had already graduated from the city gymnasium and was preparing to enter the University of Bonn, where he planned to study law.
Karl Marx's student life did not consist solely of following the curriculum and preparing for classes. In those years, a specialinformal gatherings of students were popular, where everyone expressed their opinion on various topical issues. There were in the life of the future author of "Capital" and zucchini with noisy drinking parties, and oaths of allegiance, and even duels. At the same time, it was often Mordechai Levi who was one of the main instigators of all kinds of entertainment events.
University of Berlin
Having completed his first year at the University of Bonn in 1936, Karl Marx became seriously interested in philosophical and historical sciences. Thus, he decided to go to Berlin and devote himself to the study of these two disciplines at the famous University of Berlin. At that time, the young Jew Mordechai Levi was 18 years old.
Moving could not significantly change the lifestyle of the future world leader of the proletariat. He continued to spend most of his time in noisy companies, which often brought significant damage to his family. All due to the fact that Karl's desires did not always correspond to his financial capabilities, which, however, he was not particularly worried about. To material sacrifices from parents who are forced to send their son amounts far exceeding the embezzlement of the richest students of the university, young Karl Marx treated with surprising calmness and composure, as if it were a matter of course.
Subsequently, in Marx Jr., a passionate desire for learning finally arose. In 1837, he made an attempt to write an extensive work on the philosophy of law, the work on which occupies almost all of hisfree time. This, however, failed to change the relationship between Karl Marx and his parents. When Heinrich Marx passed away in 1838, the son did not even consider it necessary to appear at his father's funeral, explaining this by his "disgust for funeral ceremonies."
In the next few years after the death of his father, the life of the future great philosopher was full of the most incredible events, both happy and not so: meeting with the future bride Jenny von Westphalen, long-awaited marriage, forced emigration to France, failure in search work and livelihood, almost half-starvation … Oddly enough, all these events did not bother Marx, because by this time he had already clearly defined the goal of his life - to change the world. How? According to the ideological leader of the revolutions, for this it was only necessary to substantiate the merits of the unification of socialism and communism as an ideal model of social order.
In 1867, as a result of long and hard work (during which Marx still did not lose interest in noisy revelry evenings and stock games), the first part of Marx's fundamental work, en titled "Capital", was published. From that moment on, Marx could forget about financial difficulties and failures. He became a fierce defender of his communist ideas, a kind of prophet-thinker, inspiring the world proletarian movement.
The last days of the leader
Mordechai Levi, world-famous as Karl Marx, has become a truly epoch-making figure. Greatestthinker of the XIX century, he was also a historian, philosopher, ideological inspirer, who managed to describe the capitalist mechanisms and prepare the foundations for future socialist revolutions. But, unfortunately, the death of the father of communism did not become as odious and surprising as his life.
The death of his wife Jenny in December 1881, Karl Marx met hard, for him it was a real blow, which could not but affect the he alth of the philosopher. By 1883, Marx's physical condition was in a deplorable state: catarrh, from which he had been ill for more than a year, led to the development of bronchitis, pleurisy and other diseases. Finally, on March 14, 1883, the famous philosopher died. It happened in London.
Karl Marx died stateless. He was buried in the same grave where his wife had previously been buried. Marx's closest friends and associates later remembered him as a brilliant theoretician, the leader of the world proletariat, without whom the accomplishment of socialist revolutions would have been impossible.