State in East Africa Eritrea: capital, description, features and interesting facts

State in East Africa Eritrea: capital, description, features and interesting facts
State in East Africa Eritrea: capital, description, features and interesting facts

Eritrea is quite an interesting country. The state of Eritrea in East Africa, which became independent in 1993, is washed by the waters of the Red Sea. It is bordered by Sudan to the west, Ethiopia to the south, and Djibouti to the east. Further from the article we learn a lot of interesting facts about this country.

Center of State

The capital of Eritrea (Africa) - the city of Asmara, also called Asmara, is quite large. The name is associated with the phrase "blooming forest", which sounds similar in the Tigrinya language.

The production of textiles, shoes, food, ceramics, as well as sewing is well developed here. It is here that the most important events that Eritrea lives by take place. The capital developed from four villages founded here in the 12th century, where trade was well established.

eritrea capital

This area was colonized by the Italians in 1889. By the end of the 30s of the last century, the appearance of the settlement was significantly changed, better infrastructure and buildings appeared. The capital of Eritrea at that time was at a fairly high level of technological development and was nicknamed "Little Rome" for the Italian contribution to development.

Here and still there are a lot of buildings, the style of which is characteristic of the colonialists. Even shop signs are in Italian. When it was engulfed in a war for the right to be independent Eritrea, its capital played an important role, since the local airport served to supply troops with supplies and weapons from the outside world. It was the main city that was the last to be liberated when the uprising of the Popular Front on the territory of the state was pacified in May 1991.

Weather conditions

Eritrea has a mountainous climate. The capital is no exception. Subequatorial manifestations of nature are sometimes observed here. The day is warm, and at night it is better to warm up.

The city is located quite high relative to the sea, so frosts are possible with excessive dryness. Precipitation is insignificant. You may encounter slight temperature fluctuations if you visit Eritrea during the wet season. The capital has the most unstable climate in January.

capital of eritrea africa

About people's lives

649 thousand people live in the city. To a greater extent, these are tigers and tigers. More than half of the population is Orthodox parishioners, there is also a significant percentage of Catholics and Muslims.

A large number of languages ​​are spoken by people who fill Eritrea. The capital is the place where you will hear English, as well as Italian, brought here by the colonialists, Arabic and the national Tigrinya.


The state, despite its positive aspects, has the highest levelpoverty. The economy is command type, and the ruling party is in control.

There are not many private enterprises here. According to an estimate for 2009, GDP is $1.7 billion, of which 23% falls on industry. S alt is actively extracted from the sea. There are institutions dealing with the processing of oil, fish, meat and milk, but their condition is far from modern requirements, there is a need to restore the damage caused by time and wear and tear. Glass is produced here. Agriculture replenishes GDP by 17%.

capital of eritrea

The agricultural sector is well developed, as it employs the vast majority of citizens, however, due to such a concentration on the land, its depletion and loss of fertility occur. Erosion occurs. Eritrea is the place where bananas, corn, vegetables and potatoes and other valuable products are grown. Information about the country also says that livestock breeding, fishing and bird breeding are at the development stage. Money was received from Japan and the European Union, with the help of which it is planned to develop a system for catching marine life suitable for trade.

eritrea eritrea capital

Curious details

There are many interesting facts about this state:

  • It has already been mentioned that people here speak different languages, but it is noteworthy that they did not choose the official one.

  • The incorporation into Ethiopia happened in the last century. Such a system reigned for 10 years, after which the thirty-year war forthe right of independence.

  • In 1995, the skirmish with Yemen began, and in 1998, political friction with Ethiopia continued. Both confrontations ended not in favor of the state.

  • There are a lot of volcanoes here, which pose a serious threat to the local population.

  • The currency of the country called nakfa is minted from steel, which does not rust, and not from an alloy, as is usually done.

  • If you pick up the national banknote of 10, you can see the image of the road passed by the "Ural" - a Soviet-made locomotive.

  • There is very little drinking water in the country, making life difficult for people.

  • Agriculture suffers from locusts every year.

  • To provide the population with food, import operations are more often carried out than they create benefits for life on their own.

  • Footballers playing in the Eritrean national team have fled the country three times in its history.

eritrea country information

A note of poetry

In Asmara, you can look at the pedestal with the figure of Pushkin. This is due to the fact that it was here that the grandfather of the poet A.P. Hannibal was born. He was kidnapped as a child and ended up in the slave market of Constantinople and later in Russia. Served Peter the Great, became an educated man and a general.

A capsule filled with earth seized from the grave of Alexander Sergeevich in the Svyatogorsky Monastery is embedded under the monument. When the monument was erecteda Russian delegation was present. Its members filled their bowl with the local earth and took them home to be placed in the crypt with the grave of Hannibal in the Leningrad region.

What will be interesting for a tourist to see

In this state, you can check into a hotel of average quality, since the buildings here are half a century old, and the restoration was not done very well. One of the most modern buildings is a hotel near the airport.

erythrea state of eritrea in east africa

When you go sightseeing, you will see that this country is very poor, but the impressive architecture that has been preserved here greatly alleviates this shortcoming, despite the wars that have flared up in these places.

Asmara one way or another remains "Rome in Africa". Once the Italians built here a chic opera house, temples, mosques, a post office, beautiful coffee houses, gas stations. Walking down the street, you can see a vintage Fiat that makes the city look like Cuba.

There are many beautiful mountains in the country. You can go out into nature and enjoy the scenery. Pleases tourists "Dakhlak" - a marine park of national importance. Beautiful flamingos, fish, turtles and dolphins live here. History lovers will be extremely interested in the local museum, where there is an archeological research center.

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