Azerbaijan Independence Day: history and modernity

Azerbaijan Independence Day: history and modernity
Azerbaijan Independence Day: history and modernity

State Independence Day is one of the most important days in the history of any country. Every year in Azerbaijan this day is celebrated on October 18. This article will tell about this important day.

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Adoption of the Declaration of Independence

As a result of the collapse of the USSR at the end of the 20th century, the republic gained independence. On October 8, 1991, an extraordinary meeting of the Supreme Council of Azerbaijan was held. On October 18, 1991, the Supreme Council adopted an act of historical significance - the Constitutional Declaration on the sovereignty of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

At that time, 245 out of 360 deputies voted for the action, the rest did not attend the meeting or voted against it. The "Law on the Constitution" states that the independent state of Azerbaijan is the legal successor of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, which existed in 1917-1920. The "Constitution Law" consists of six chapters.

At the national referendum of the year, this issue was discussed, and 95% of the population voted for independence, the sovereignty of the country.

After the restoration of Azerbaijan's independence, laws on the state flag, anthem and emblem were adopted. From now on, the Independence Day of Azerbaijan is a public holiday.

New state - Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan, or the Republic of Azerbaijan, is a state in the South Caucasus. Azerbaijan is located to the west of the Caspian Sea basin. It borders on the Russian Federation in the north, on the Georgian Republic in the northwestern direction, on Armenia in the western direction, and on the Republic of Turkey and Iran in the south. The Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic was occupied by the Republic of Armenia, this territory makes up 20% of the territory of Azerbaijan. It has an 825-kilometer water line along its borders. The length of the coastline is 713 km. Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Iran and Russia also have a common border in the sector of the Caspian Sea.

azerbaijan country photo

Azerbaijan is an active player in the international arena

Azerbaijan is a unitary semi-presidential republic. The country is a member state of the Council of Europe, the European Security Organization, a partner of NATO, as well as the Partnership for Peace organization. This is one of the six independent Turkic states, an active member of the Turkic Council. Azerbaijan has diplomatic relations with 150 states and membership in 40 international communities. Also, this Caucasian country is one of the founders of the Commonwe alth of Independent States (CIS) and the Organization for the Prohibition of the Use of Chemical Weapons.

MemberUnited Nations since 1992. After gaining independence, Azerbaijan was elected a member of the Human Rights Council, which was established by the United Nations General Assembly on May 9, 2006. Azerbaijan is also a member state of the Non-Aligned Movement, has observer status in the International Trade Organization and is a member of the International Telecommunication Union.

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Events that led to independence

Following the policy of glasnost, initiated by Mikhail Gorbachev, civil unrest and ethnic strife grew in various regions of the Soviet Union, including Nagorno-Karabakh, in this autonomous region. Unrest in Azerbaijan (in response to Moscow's indifference) led to calls for independence and secession, culminating in the Black January events in Baku. Later, in 1990, the Supreme Council of the Republic excluded the word "Soviet" from its name, and also adopted the Declaration of Sovereignty of the Republic of Azerbaijan and approved a new state flag and other symbols. As a consequence of the failed coup that took place in August in Moscow, on October 18, 1991, the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan was able to adopt the Declaration of Independence, which was confirmed by a popular referendum in December 1991, and the Soviet Union officially ceased to exist on December 26, 1991. Since then, the Independence Day of the Republic of Azerbaijan has been celebrated throughout the country every year.

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How the Day is celebratedindependence of Azerbaijan

This day is a holiday in the country. A full-scale festivities are being prepared for this event. On October 18, the President of the country without fail congratulates all citizens of the state on this historic event and a public holiday at the same time. On this day, Azerbaijanis are consolidated as a nation. The President in his message to the people always emphasizes the historicism of this event. This event is now more than twenty-five years old. Creative people create poems for the Independence Day of Azerbaijan in order to congratulate all the people of the country. Below is one of the most popular:

Azerbaijan is the land of fires, Country of guides and friends, Land of open doors, Babek Country, Korogly, Country of Novruz and spring.

Your sons have been recognized by the whole world, Everyone was looking for your beauties, Who has ever seen your people, Everyone strove for your land, To extraordinary purity, Where the ringing stream caresses the ear, Lakes of your bottomless sound.

The importance of this holiday and the phenomenon of independence cannot be overestimated. Congratulations on the Independence Day of Azerbaijan are sent to the Presidential Administration by most of the heads of state of the world. The President of the Russian Federation congratulated the people of Azerbaijan with the following words:

The achievements of your country in the economic, scientific, technical, social and cultural fields are well known. Azerbaijan enjoys well-deserved prestige on the world stage, plays an activerole in addressing topical issues on the international agenda.

The political dialogue is expanding, cooperation and partnership in the affairs of the region are being strengthened. This was noted by Vladimir Putin. According to him, this fully meets the interests of the peoples of our countries, and also contributes to the activation of integration processes within the CIS.

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