Tulip tree at home. When the Tulip Tree Blooms

Tulip tree at home. When the Tulip Tree Blooms
Tulip tree at home. When the Tulip Tree Blooms
Anonim
tulip tree

Each of us is familiar with the herald of spring - the tulip. It can be found in the flower garden of almost any gardener. To date, there are about 2500 varieties of this beautiful plant. However, few people know that tulips can also grow on trees. Yes, yes, this is one of the most beautiful flowering trees in the world! Let's talk in more detail about this "Wonder of the World".

Climate and soil requirements

The tulip tree (liriodendron) is widely cultivated in temperate climates. It can also grow in the Nordic countries, spreading to the latitude of the capital of Norway - Oslo. The tulip tree is the national flower of the states of Kentucky and Indiana in the United States. Liriodendron is very demanding on the composition of the soil, light and moisture, does not tolerate excess lime. It prefers deep loamy, well-drained soils with a thick layer of superficial black soil. The tree does not like s alty soils. However, tulip trees can grow insandy soils. They respond very gratefully to top dressing with complex and organic fertilizers.

Tulip tree at home

If you decide to plant liriodendron in your backyard, then the following information will be useful to you. The tulip tree is quite resistant to various diseases and pests. In addition, he has a low susceptibility to soot and smoke. This tree is distinguished, like all magnolia species, by soft, fragile, fleshy roots. Therefore, during the transplantation process, it is very important to take special care to prevent damage to the root system. Liriodendron can be transplanted during the entire warm period, from April to mid-November (for the climate of Ukraine and the southern regions of Russia).

tulip tree at home

Tulip tree is quite wind resistant, its life expectancy is 500 (!) years. Like magnolias, it easily withstands frosts down to -25 оС, provided there are no strong winds. When the temperature drops to -30 oC for a long period, branches may freeze, like walnuts and magnolias.

Propagated by layering, cuttings, grafting, seeds. You need to know that when propagating by seeds, it will take a very long time to wait for the first flowering. The crown is well formed by pruning. The tulip tree at home takes root perfectly and does not require special care. It has been observed that when cultivated outside of its natural climate, Lyridendron does not show aggression towards native species andadapts well to the new place.

Flower period

Liriodendron has a very original form of inflorescences. In shape, they resemble a tulip (size 6-10 cm) with green-white sepals folded down and yellow-green petals with a large orange spot. But in terms of fragrantness, liriodendron has nothing to boast of. The flowers have a faint aroma, reminiscent of the smell of fresh cucumber. They bloom gradually, one at a time at the end of a branch. Flowering lasts for two to three weeks, from late May to mid-June. Beekeepers should be aware that liriodendron is very attractive to insects, because it produces a lot of nectar. When the tulip tree blooms, a real holiday comes for the bees, because it is rightfully considered one of the most honey-bearing plants. If you put a picked flower in a warm and bright room, you can collect a full teaspoon of nectar from it.

A decoration for any park

when the tulip tree blooms

You should know that the tulip tree (the photos in the article will allow the reader to see this flowering miracle in all its glory) is very impressive not only in the flowering process, but also at other times. Its columnar silver trunks, cleared of branches, look very elegant. In addition, the tulip tree is distinguished by a luxurious crown, the shape of which can be different - from rounded hipped to wide pyramidal. It has rather interesting ornamental lyre-shaped leaves (up to 15 cm long) of a bluish-green color, which turn intogolden tones. A feature of the crown is that the upper branches always bend in one direction. The branches of the tree seem to be covered with wax, and in the place of the break they have a pleasant spicy aroma. And how beautiful are the alleys along which these trees are planted! Especially when their branches are intertwined, forming a flower dome … The average crown height reaches 30-35 m, and in the forests there are also real giants about 60 m high. Liriodendron is rightfully considered one of the most beautiful ornamental trees. During the flowering period, it simply attracts the eye to its crown, where thousands of flowers are collected.

African tulip tree

Varieties

In ancient times, liriodendron grew throughout the territory of modern Europe, as evidenced by numerous finds by archaeologists. To date, two types of tulip tree are widespread: North American and Chinese. Both of them are characterized by rapid growth. If one species is adjacent to another, then they easily interbreed with each other. The resulting hybrid grows faster than either of its "parents".

African tulip tree

Another species of tulip tree grows in West Africa - Spatodea campanulata. For large bright inflorescences, it is also called the "flame of the forest", "fire tree", "ball lightning". Spatodea belongs to the Bignoniaceae family. In nature, this evergreen tree grows quite quickly and reaches a height of 15 meters.

It blooms all year round, so it is often planted in parks and urban gardens in the tropics and subtropics. ATunlike wild trees, cultivated spathodeas are smaller. The mature plant has dark green foliage, which emphasizes the beauty of bright red flowers. When it rains, the African tulip tree collects water in its flowers, which attracts birds to it. Hummingbirds love to feast on nectar, which is produced in large quantities in flowers. The softwood is home to many breeds of birds that make nests in it.

tulip tree photo

However, despite its fragility and softness, the wood of the campanulate spatodea has the ability to resist fire. In West Africa, it is used to make drums, and in Singapore, paper is made. Due to its powerful antibacterial action, the leaves and bark of this plant are successfully used in folk medicine.

Popular topic